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Gerstein Science Information Centre


Recommended resources for research related to entrepreneurship, startups and commercialization: from science and technology literature to market research and patents.

Social Entrepreneurship

There are many definitions and opinions about what constitutes social innovation or enterprise. In this guide, social innovations and social enterprises exist primarily to generate social or environmental impact. Social enterprises have a double bottom line to generate both income and social/environmental impact. 

Social enterprises can be incorporated as non-profits, for-profits, or even co-operatives. What differentiates a social enterprise, regardless of its business structure, is its main reason for being; to create positive societal impact. There are numerous examples and resources in this guide to illuminate and ignite interest in how social enterprises can impact society for good. 

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For business planningmarket research and more, please visit the relevant pages in the Entrepreneurship Research Guide on the navigation to your left.

What is Social Entrepreneurship?

Key Resources