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Gerstein Science Information Centre


Recommended resources for research related to entrepreneurship, startups and commercialization: from science and technology literature to market research and patents.

Impact Gaps Canvas

"The Impact Gaps Canvas was designed to help people learn about a problem before jumping in to try to solve it"

This guide is designed as a guide and resource to support your use of the Impact Gaps Canvas. The quote above is from, a site made by canvas creator Daniela Papi-Thornton at the Skoll Centre for Social Entrepreneurship at Oxford University.

Please visit that site to download a copy of the canvas:

An info graphic that describes the impact gaps canvas, which includes: challenge mapping, impact gaps, solutions mapping.

Researching Your Canvas

Understanding the context and background for an issue or problem before jumping in to solve it is the basic purpose of the canvas. Mapping this ecosystem or landscape also requires some research!

Start by mapping out your concepts to identify your keywords, synonyms and related concepts. If you need help generating these, use the Concept Mapping worksheet below.

Topic/prompt Concept 1 Concept 2 Concept 3 Concept 4
Challenge COVID-19 vaccine inequality Toronto
Synonyms coronavirus immunization,
jab, shot
access, barrier,
"City of Toronto"
GTA, "Greater Toronto
Related words pandemic, virus injection, booster,
Pfizer, Moderna, AZ
rollout, uptake,
Ontario, community,
hotspot, postal codes

Critically Evaluating Sources

When searching for information to complete your canvas, evaluate the sources you find. RADAR is a useful mnemonic: 

  • R = Relevance: How relevant is the information to your topic?

  • A = Authority​: Who/what is the source (author, publisher) of the information?

  • D = Date​: When was the information first published or last updated?

  • A = Appearance​: What does the source of information look like?

  • R = Reason or purpose: Why was the information published in the first place?

Adapted from: Mandalios, J. (2013). RADAR: An approach for helping students evaluate Internet sources. Journal of Information Science, 39(4), 470–478,

Library Resources (UTORid required)

Open Web Resources

Synthezising Information