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Gerstein Science Information Centre


Recommended resources for research related to entrepreneurship, startups and commercialization: from science and technology literature to market research and patents.

Social Business Models and Planning

"[A] sustainable business model can be defined as a business model that creates, delivers, and captures value for all its stakeholders without depleting the natural, economic, and social capital it relies on.” Breuer & Lüdeke-Freund (2014), quoted at

This page provides links to tools for planning your social enterprise including modelling tools, websites, and books.

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Looking for industry, company, or market information? Find all UTL market research databases on the Market Research page.

Redrawing the Triple Bottom Line

Sustainable Business Planning Tools

Key Resources

Bcorps and Benefit Corporations

B Corps are a new business model with a double bottom line, certified by the non-profit B Lab "to meet rigorous standards of social and environmental performance, accountability, and transparency."