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UTM Primary Sources: Digital Collections

This guide is created for scholars and students who do research projects in the Humanities and Social Sciences.
It lists online resources that include primary sources and that the University of Toronto Library has purchased or subscribes to.


This page focuses more on North America. If you focus only on indigenous peoples in Canada, please also visit the primary source page for Canada.

Government / Legislative Documents

Freely accessible online collections

Digital Archives with Various Primary Sources


Please also check Digital Archives with Various Primary Sources above as the section offers newspapers, such as Akwesasne Notes (American Indian Histories and Cultures), a Mohawk newspaper. 

Indigenous Periodicals


Literature, Recordings, Videos, and Images

For analyses of indigenous peoples' representations in comics and graphic novels:

Underground and Independent Comics, Comix, and Graphic Novels Series

Residential Schools

Useful Links