What is a Flipped Classroom?
According to Educause’s “7 Things you should know about flipped classrooms,” a flipped classroom is a pedagogical model where typical lecture and homework elements are reversed. Short videos, operating as a lecture component, are viewed outside the classroom or session, while hands-on, active learning activities are done within the classroom.
The Flipped Classroom is also known by the following terms:
According to Arnold-Garza in her article “The Flipped Classroom Teaching Model and its Use for Information Literacy Instruction,” the Flipped Classroom has the following defining concepts:
In "Shifting the Instructional Paradigm," Allen presents four pillars of the Flipped Classroom. They are as follows:
How does a Flipped Classroom Work?
According to Educause’s guide, Flipped Classrooms are pragmatic. There is no predetermined formula for structure, and the term is widely used to describe almost any class structure that provides pre-recorded lectures that are followed by in-class exercises. Typically, lectures are listened to by students outside of class time, and may be accompanied by quizzes in order to test for comprehension, which provides for the benefit of immediate feedback for the instructor in the ways of students’ comprehension. Because materials are pre-recorded lectures, this provides for the additional benefit of allowing the student to go back over points made and key take-aways from a particular lesson.The instructor, rather than acting as a “sage on the stage,” can instead:
Class time is used for problem solving in groups, and applying acquired knowledge. According to Madden and Martinez, this pre-recorded set-up allows students:
According to Arnold-Gaza, in "The Flipped Classroom Teaching Model and Its Use for Information Literacy Instruction," there are is no one approach to the flipped classroom, but instead, countless paths to teaching as the learning goals and objectives shape which features of the flipped classroom are used.
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