Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Industrial Relations & Human Resources Library

A guide to resources available through the Industrial Relations/Human Resources Library and the University of Toronto Library System

Collective Bargaining Research Jumpstart

Searching for library resources

Creating Search Statements

Use Boolean Operators and Search Modifiers to narrow down search results to the key terms attached to a library record.

Boolean Operators Search Modifiers
  • Use AND between terms to return results that contain all of the terms.
    • Term1 AND Term2
  • Use OR between terms to return results that contain any of the terms.
    • Term1 OR Term2
  • Use NOT to eliminate any results that contain that term.
    • (Term1 AND Term2) NOT “Term3”
  • Use parentheses to group search terms
    • (Term1 AND Term2) OR (Term3 AND Term4)
  • Use quotations for exact phrases
    • (Term1 OR Term2) AND “Term3”
  • Use asterisk to return results that contain the start of the term word.
    • Ter*

Learn more here: Develop a Search Strategy

Searching Pro Tips

Pro Tip #1: An Everything search within LibrarySearch will return results for the term in any field within the item record. Use the Advance Search to interchange terms between Any Field, Title, and Subject to return additional results.

Pro Tip #2: Refine your results using filters.

Pro Tip #3: Use the same search string within different article database to find more results! Check out our list of IR/HR Databases to get started.

Ready to start your search?

Need help navigating your article search? Check out these helpful links: