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Slavic and East European Resources

This guide includes annotated links to selected electronic resources, such as online library catalogues, archival guides, digital collections, dictionaries and encyclopedias, databases, e-journals, and search engines.


Austrian Newspapers and Magazines Online

Austrian Newspapers and Magazines Online is an open access digital archive of the main historically important newspapers published in Austria between 1700 and 1939. The newspapers represented in ANNO are a valuable source of information on history of Slavic and Hungarian provinces of the Habsburg monarchy.

Slavistics Portal

The Virtual Library Slavistics is an excellent source of information on Slavistics in general, and on Slavic languages, literature, and folklore in particular. The Subject Gateway Slavistics devoted to covering online sources in the field. Metasearch allows simultanious search of more than two million titles in Slavistics. The portal also provides access to many important databases and electronic journals in Slavic studies. In German, English, and Russian.


An interdisciplinary portal for East European Studies provides the option to perform a unified and comprehensive search of specialized information on history, language, literature, politics and culture of East, Central-East, and South-East European countries and regions.

Connecting Canadians - Canada’s Multicultural Newspapers

"Connecting Canadians provides an opportunity for individuals to connect with their heritage by exploring early newspapers and engaging in learning activities. The collection includes Croatian, Estonian, Finnish, Hungarian, Polish, Serbian, Ukrainian, Serbo-Croatian, Latvian, and Lithuanian newspapers."

European History Primary Sources

“The purpose of EHPS is to provide an easily searchable index of scholarly digital repositories that contain primary sources for the history of Europe. As the number of digital archives on the internet continues to grow, finding and selecting digital repositories becomes increasingly difficult. EHPS strives to fill that gap by listing the most important collections of digital primary sources for the history of Europe, either as a whole or for single countries. EHPS is updated continuously and we invite all users to send us their suggestions for websites to include. While not claiming to be complete, EHPS contains the major national digital libraries and many smaller series of e-sources and smaller digitization projects in Europe.” This is a joint initiative of the Library and the Department of History and Civilization of the European University Institute in Florence, Italy.

Cold War International History Project

CWIHP was established at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, D.C., in 1991. The Project supports the full and prompt release of historical materials by governments on all sides of the Cold War, and seeks to accelerate the process of integrating new sources, materials and perspectives from the former "Communist bloc" with the historiography of the Cold War. The web-site of the Project hosts virtual archive of documents on more than 20 subjects related to history of Cold War. Two publications of the Project, "Cold War International History Project Bulletin" and "Cold War International History Project Working Paper Series", are also available online in PDF format.

The Parallel History Project of the Cold War

The Parallel History Project on Cooperative Security (PHP, the former Parallel History Project on NATO and the Warsaw Pact), provides new scholarly perspectives on contemporary international history by collecting, publishing, and interpreting formerly secret governmental documents.

Making the History of 1989

A digital collection with teaching modules produced the by the Center for History and New Media at George Mason University for the study of the developments and popular movements that led to the collapse of Communist regimes (Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, the Baltics, Yugoslavia, etc.) in 1989. The collection comprises over 300 primary sources, including government documents, images, videos, artifacts, and interviews with historians. The material is made freely available to students and scholars who wish to explore the causes, events, and aftermath of the massive upheavals of 1989.

Slavic and Baltic Collections

Slavic and Baltic Digital collection of the New York Public Library contains almost 30,000 digitized images of engravings, lithographs, and printed books from the Slavic and Baltic countries.

Digital Project  "Old Printed Books" of Maksymovych Library

"Old Printed Books" is an open access digital collection of rare and old books from Maksymovych Library of Shevchenko Kyiv National University. The digitized books can be divided into two groups. The first group consists of books published in Europe in 16th-18th Centuries (mostly in Latin) and is of general interest. The second group consists of books published in Russian Empire in 18th-19th Centuries and is of particular interest for anyone interested in history and culture of Eastern Slavs.

Digital Publications of the Slavic Research Center of Hokkaido University

The Slavic Research Center of Hokkaido University provides free access to electronic versions of its publications: conference proceedings, working papers, occasional papers, books etc. Publications cover a broad range of disciplines, including history, political science, sociology, etc.

Inventory of Slavic, East European, and Eurasian Digital Projects

An extensive collection of links to a variety of digital projects in Slavic, East European, and Eurasian field. An initiative undertaken in conjunction with the Digital Projects Subcommittee of the Association for Slavic, East European, and Eurasian Studies.

Open Sociaty Archive

Created by the Open Society Archive, this resource offers access to thousands of items related to communism, the Cold War, and the 1989- period; human rights violations; and Open Society Foundation Network.

Wilson Centre Digital Archives

Constructed and maintained by the Wilson Center’s History and Public Policy Program, the Digital Archive contains newly declassified historical materials from archives around the world—much of it in translation and including diplomatic cables, high level correspondence, meeting minutes, and more. Historical documents presented in the ever-expanding Digital Archive provide fresh, unprecedented insights into recent international history.

National Security Archive

The National Security Archive is an independent non-governmental research institute and library located at the George Washington University in Washington, D.C. The Archive collects and publishes declassified documents acquired through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).

Digital National Security Archives

The Digital National Security Archive contains the most comprehensive set of declassified government documents available. The resource now includes 40 collections consisting of over 94,000 meticulously indexed documents, with more than 650,000 total pages. Each of these collections, compiled by top scholars and experts, exhaustively covers the most critical world events, countries, and U.S. policy decisions from post-World War II through the 21st century. Together, these collections offer unparalleled access to the defining international strategies of our time. Glossaries, chronologies, bibliographies, overviews, and photographs are included.


This collection of open access sources provides links to primary historical documents that are transcribed, reproduced in facsimile, or translated. The documents cover a broad range of historical events (political, economic, social, and cultural) in each of the 49 European countries. The order of documents is chronological and may include videos or sound files, maps, databases, and other documentation.

Oral History Online

“This release of Oral History Online provides in-depth indexing to more than 2,700 collections of Oral History in English from around the world. The collection also provides keyword searching of more than 329,400 pages of full-text by close to 10,000 individuals from all walks of life. It also contains links to over 4,200 audio and video files and almost 19,000 bibliographic records.”

World War I Document Archive

“This resource offers access to a collection of primary documents from World War One that has been assembled by volunteers of the World War I Military History List (WWI-L).”


Albanian literature in English translation

The resource is a rich collection of Albanian literary works translated into English. It includes Early Authors 16th-18th centuries, Classical Authors 19th – early 20th centuries, Modern Authors from Albania late 20th – 21st centuries, Modern Authors from Kosovo, Macedonia, and Montenegro (late 20th – 21st centuries), and Modern Italo-Albanian Authors (late 20th – 21st centuries). The full text of many books and articles are available. The website is created by Robert Elsia: writer, translator, and specialist in Albanian Studies.

Early Photography in Albania

The website presents several collections of early 20th century photographs taken in what is now Albania and Macedonia.

Texts and Documents of Albanian History

The website is a depository of primary and secondary sources dealing with various aspects and periods of the Albanian history. The documents have been translated into English.

Bosnia & Herzegovina

Travels in Southeastern Europe

The resource consists of four accounts of travel in southeastern Europe each of which presents a considerable portion dedicated to Bosnia and Herzegovina.


Electronic Library

This is an electronic library of the full-text Bulgarian and world literature. The website is regularly updated also publishing news in literary life of Bulgaria. Works of many authors are published here, in different areas such as classical Bulgarian literature, philosophy, literary criticism. In Bulgarian.


Croatian Literature

This is a rich digital collection of Croatian literature. It is searchable by author and category. The categories include poetry, culture, sociology, and religion. In Croatian.

Czech Republic

Czech and Slovak Literature Resources

Czech and Slovak Literature Resource consists of many links to full text works of Czech and Slovak writers. The resource includes works by famous Czech intellectuals and writers from earlier period as well as works of modern writers.

Czech Literature Portal

A Web Portal of Czech Literature (PCL) provides selected information about approximately 400 current authors (novelists, poets, playwrights, essayists, and authors of books for children and young people). It is primarily intended for foreign professionals (including Bohemists, students, translators, editors, and literary centers), organizers of literary events, journalists, compatriots, and regular readers interested in Czech literature. 

Joint Czech and Slovak Digital Parliamentary Library

A joint project of the Czech and Slovak parliaments to create and provide unified access to the documents covering (a) the activities of legislative bodies of the Czech and Slovak Republics from their beginnings in 1993 to the future; (b) the activities of common legislative bodies of the Czechoslovak Republic in 1918-1992; and (c) those of the Czech and Slovak deputies in various legislative bodies (Slovak National Council, Imperial Council, Diet of the Czech Kingdom) in 1848-1914.

Kramerius Digital Library

One of the national digitization programs of the Czech Republic, launched in 2000 with the goal of safeguarding and preserving acid-paper library materials, especially newspapers, journals and brittle monographs. The library contains millions of pages of digitized material with an annual growth of about 400,000 pages.


"The Manuscriptorium project is creating a virtual research environment providing access to all existing digital documents in the sphere of historic book resources (manuscripts, incunabula, early printed books, maps, charters and other types of documents). These historical resources, otherwise scattered in various digital libraries around the world, are now available under a single digital library interface. The service provides seamless access to more than 5 million digital images."


An archive of Czech web resources created in 2000 by the National Library of the Czech Republic in co-operation with the IT Center and Faculty of Informatics of the Masaryk University in Brno and with financial support from the Ministry of Culture. The project catalogs on-line publications and stores them in a deposit system, in order to ensure long-term access to them.

Who is Who in Czech Slavonic Studies

"Who is who in Czech Slavonic Studies" is an electronic biographical database of Czech specialists who are dealing in the widest sense with the fields of culture, language, literature, art, history and society of Slavonic nations and states. Part of the database is also a list of workplaces where Slavonic studies are undertaken in the Czech Republic and of those located abroad, where people listed in the database work. The database provides biographies, specializations and contact details of these specialists.

Online Archive of Émigré Periodicals

A collection of Czech exile and samizdat periodicals, displayed in PDF format.

Dictionary of Czech Publishing Houses

This dictionary spans the Czech publishing period between 1849 and 1949. Entries are supplemented by brief biographies of individuals with emphasis on their publishing activities.

Institute of Czech Literature

The website comprises rich resources in Czech literature.

Czech Electronic Library

A collection of Czech poetry from the period between the 19th and early 20 centuries. This is the largest full-text database of its kind on the Czech internet. The database contains 1,700 books and provides a complete narrative of the most important poets of modern Czech literature (e.g. KH Macha, KJ Erben, K. Havlicek Borovsky, J. Neruda, J. Vrchlický, O. Brezina) as well as tools for textual analysis (statistics, alphabetical and frequency dictionaries, etc.)


This resource captures and comments upon the current book market both in the Czech Republic and abroad. It currently contains over 8,000 texts, including reviews and updates on literary prizes, festivals, and book fairs.


Digitaalne Arhiiv

A digital archive of digital-born material published by Estonian public and state institutions. Created by the National Library of Estonia in the framework of the international reUSE project. The web-site is in Estonian.

Estonian newspapers online

An online database of Estonian digitized newspapers from covering the period 1821–1944. Available since 2003, it currently contains numerous pages of digitized material. The web-site and user-interface are in Estonian.


Digital Collections of Finland National Library

Vast numbers of newspapers, periodicals, small printed items and books contained in the rich collections of the National Library of Finland have now been digitized to form a fascinating material that throws light on the past and present as parts of Finn national identity.

Finnish Literature in Translation

The database Finnish Literature in Translation includes more than 7,500 works of Finnish, Swedish and Sámi fiction and non-fiction in translation. Maintained and updated by FILI (Finnish Literature Exchange), the database offers information on book-length works as well as translation anthologies. Currently the oldest translation is from 1839. The database is trilingual: Finnish, Swedish, English."


1956 Hungarian Memorial Oral History Project

The 1956 Hungarian Memorial Oral History Project celebrates the refugees of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 by digitizing 400 hours of oral testimonies collected by second and third generation Hungarian-Canadians. The interviewees tell their personal stories of their involvement in the 1956 Revolution, their reasons for leaving and means of escape, places they lived en route to Canada, and the course of their lives in Canada.

Hungarian Electronic Library [Magyar Elektronikus Könyvtár]

This resource provides access to and navigation of high-quality web-content in the Hungarian language. The fields included are natural sciences, mathematics, technology, economics, social sciences, culture and arts, literature, as well as reference.


This bibliographical database, established in 1987, offers access to the bibliographical data of all essays and articles of periodicals, annuals, and memorial volumes that are related to Hungary. The records are updated on a regular basis. HUMANUS contains approximately 300,000 records at the moment.

Hungarian Electronic Library

This Hungarian Electronic Library (MEK) offers access to a bibliographic database of the Hungarian electronic periodicals. More than 1300 periodicals have been categorized under 15 thematic groups.


Historical Maps

This is a collection of digital maps from the Cartographic Collection of the National Library of Latvia. The collection includes a considerable number of historical maps of Latvia. All images are described. The searchable interface is in Latvian and English.

Latvian Digital Collections

The website contains a variety of collections digitized by the National Library of Latvia. Among the rich resources found here are links to hundreds of Latvian periodicals published mostly during the first half of the twentieth century (see:

Latvian Literature Centre

This database provides access to Latvian fiction, poetry, plays, and children's literature from 1888 until the present.



This is a collection of historical manuscripts by the Vilnius University Library. The collection includes books and royal decrees from the 16th to 19th century. All images include short fragment of the manuscript and a description of it. In English.

Lithuanian Virtual Library

This resource provides access to books, articles and other documents stored in the libraries of Lithuanian universities, colleges, research institutes and their departments, their developed databases, and the Lithuanian Electronic Academic Library (eLABa).


Macedonian language

"This site was designed to accompany the textbook Macedonian/Македонски јазик: A course for beginning and intermediate students, by Christina E. Kramer, available from the University of Wisconsin Press."

Macedonian websites

The collection of interesting Macedonian sites available on Christina E. Kramer website, who is a professor Slavic and Balkan languages and linguistics at the University of Toronto.


Digital Library of Poland, Polona

"The website presents hundreds of thousands of prints, books and maps that were digitalized by the National Library. Users can browse the collections in multiple ways, while assembling their own collection and sharing it on social networks."

Biblioteka Internetowa Exlibris

A general web-site offering open access to the most known and most popular texts of Polish literature and other literatures (in Polish translation).

Digital Libraries Federation [Federacja bibliotek cyfrowych]

Digital Libraries Federation is a portal created by several major academic libraries in Poland. The website gives free, unrestricted access to almost 100,000 digital publications in various formats (DjVu, HTML, PDF etc.). Some formats, like DjVu require a special, free plug in for the internet browser. The website is available in Polish and English.

Digital Library of Jelenia Góra

Digital Library of Jelenia Góra is an initiative of the City Public Library of Jelenia Góra ("Deer Mountain") and is aimed at digitizing newspapers, books, and other types of printed materials pertaining to the history of the region and the city of Jelenia Góra.

Digital Library of Kujawsko Pomorsk

The library provides access to rare Polish literature, documents, and academic textbooks about Kujawy (Kuyavian Region), Pomorze (Pomeranian Region) and Ziemia Dobrzynska.

Digital Library of Małopolska

The Digital Library of Malopolska offers access to the most important publications regarding the cultural heritage of the city of Krakow and the region of Malopolska in Poland. The collection includes works of artists and cultural figures, scientific and educational publications, as well as virtual exhibitions.

Digital Library of Podlaska

The Podlaska Digital Library offers open access to digitized material pertaining to the history and culture of Podlaska region.

Digital Library of Silesia

The Silesian Digital Library hosts one of the richest digital collections in Poland. With more than 27,000 items, the library is well established as a repository of not only literature, but all other types of material as well. The library is a good starting point for researchers interested in the history and culture of Silesia. The website interface is available in English, Polish, German, Czech and French.

Digital Library of Wielkopolska

The Digital Library of Wielkopolska offers open access to digitized material pertaining to history and culture of the Wielkopolska region and the city of Poznan in particular.

Digital Library of Wroclaw University

The digital Library of Wrocław University comprises digitized documents which are regarded as part of the cultural heritage of Europe and local region. The original collections encompass books (including old printed books), serials, manuscripts, maps, photographs, postcards, sheet music, and graphics. The regional collection concerns the territory of Silesia and Lausitz, particularly Lower Silesia and Wrocław.

Digital Library of Zielona Góra

The Digital Library of Zielona Góra offers open access to sources, educational tools, and digitized copies of printed material related to the history and culture of Zielona Góra region.


The dLibra project is aimed at creating a software platform for building digital libraries. It is a non-profit project developed since 1999 by Poznan Supercomputing and Networking Center which is a part of the Polish Academy of Sciences. The web-site provides links to all its digital projects.

FIDES Digital Library

FIDES is an e-library run by the Federation of the Polish Church Libraries. Its main focus is ecclesiastical matters and theology, but it also includes other material, for example: "Atlas Minor Gerardi Mercatoris: a I. Hondio plurimis aeneis tabulis auctus atque ilustratus" (1610).

Lower Silesian Digital Library [Dolnośląska Biblioteka Cyfrowa]

This regional Polish library offers digital collections of books, text-books, monographs, and special collections dating from before 1949.

Polish Internet Library [Polska Biblioteka Internetowa]

The Polish Internet Library offers more than 15,000 titles, mainly compulsory school textbooks and Polish classical literature. New publications are constantly being added to the collection. The complete PIL catalogue will include academic publications, publications for the blind, sheet music, maps, paintings, photographs and other graphic material, and scientific periodicals. The PIL is implemented by the Ministry of Scientific Research and Information Technology and is free of charge (in Polish).

Staropolska Online

Staropolska Online serves as a gateway to resources dealing with medieval and early modern literature and culture of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the context of Europe. Apart from selected primary sources (both literary and non fiction), the site comprises an e-dictionary of Old Polish and scholarly articles dealing with the subject. The website is available in Polish and English. Some of the texts have been translated into English.

Osrodek KARTA

This website offers access to archives and databases providing photographic evidence of Poland’s social history of the twentieth century. The images from Poland and Central, and Eastern Europe prove the unsaid and falsified "east" of the past by showing the resistance against the communist regime and the subsequent crises of 1956, 1968, 1970, 1976, the democratic opposition, and "Solidarity."


Electronic Library

This electronic library provides access to many works of Romanian writers in different areas. In Romanian.

Russia (Federation)

"Gumer" Digital Library

This is an important resource for electronic books and articles in Russian. The website consists of the digital books on history, laws, psychology, linguistics, cultural studies, literature, political science, and pedagogy. The highlight of the collection is Russian translations of the main Western works.

Anti-Soviet Electronic Library: Historical Materials and Books

The web-site hosts a wide range of materials (memoirs, samizdat, fiction) about life in the Soviet Union from an anti-Soviet point of view. The majority of materials is in PDF format.


An excellent digital archive of books housed in the Russian State Public Historical Library.

Doukhobors of Canada

A virtual exhibit of documents and images that focus on the Doukhobors and their migration to Saskatchewan, and subsequent move to British Columbia.

Dukhobor Collection of James Mavor

The Dukhobors are a religious group originating in Ukraine, where they suffered periodic discrimination by Tsarist authorities. At the end of the 19th century, during a period of intense political persecution due to their pacifism, thousands of Dukhobors emigrated to Canada. James Mavor (1854-1925) was a political economist, teacher, writer and art collector. In 1898, at the request of Petr Kropotkin, Mavor was instrumental in facilitating the Dukhobor migration. He continued throughout his life to be a staunch supporter of the Dukhobors following their settlement in Canada.

Electronic Collection of Russian National Library

The collection comprises thousands of documents, manuscripts, dissertations, periodicals, music recordings etc. The website is in Russian only. 

Electronic Library of the History Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University

An open access online library of electronic resources hosted by the History Department of Lomonosov Moscow State University. It includes electronic copies of many books, documents, digitized manuscripts (for example, three medieval manuscripts relating to the economic history of Crimea at the end of the 14th - beginning of the 15th centuries).

Electronic library of the History Department, Saint-Petersburg State University

The web-site offers free access to some publications of the faculty of the History Department, Saint-Petersburg State University. Among the publications are two textbooks of Russian and Soviet history, collections of articles, etc.


The Russian Digital Scholarly Library. There is an index to the Russian Citation Index among other resources.

Fundamental Digital Library: Russian Literature & Folklore

The Fundamental Digital Library of Russian Literature and Folklore (FEB-web) is a full-text digital resource. FEB-web acquires information in text, audio, visual, and other formats on 11th to 20th century Russian literature, Russian folklore, and the history of Russian literary scholarship and folklore studies. FEB-web is, first and foremost, a repository of primary, secondary, and reference sources. It is also an effective instrument for analyzing these texts. Presenting texts in digital form via a state-of-the-art user interface makes it possible for professional scholars and other users to work with texts in a fundamentally new way.

Grigorii Nikolaevich Trubetskoi Virtual Archive

Prince (kniaz) Grigorii Nikolaevich Trubetskoi (1873-1930) was an important Russian diplomat and church activist of the first third of the 20th century. The virtual archive of his papers is hosted by the Hoover Institution, Stanford University. The archive includes materials relating to Russian foreign policy in the Balkans before WWI, Entente’s plans for re-designing Southern Europe and the Balkans, and correspondence of many prominent Russian political and intellectual figures.

Gulag: Many Days, Many Lives

This digital project sponsored by the Center for History and New Media at George Mason University presents the history of the Gulag system through a browseable archive of video, art, artifacts, photographs, and the life stories of former Gulag prisoners. Online exhibitions with original documentaries and recordings of prisoner voices allow for the exploration of Gulag life. A virtual tour of the reconstructed camp and museum at Perm-36 is available.

IAkovlev Online

An online archive of papers, articles, and interviews of the Soviet statesman Alexander Iakovlev (1923-2005), who played major role in Soviet political life at the end of the 1980s and was widely known as the “architect” of Perestroika.


"ImWerden" is a privately run non-commercial online digital library. Most of the publications are related to Russian literature and history. The web-site is famous for its active updating and the high quality of digitization.

LDN Library

LDN Library is a private non-commercial digital library of Leon and Nina Dotan (LDN). Publications are organized into five collections: Lithuanian books, German books, Russian books, Music (books related to music and musical notes), and Judaica.

Medieval Rus' Birchbark Documents

An electronic resource for the study and conservation of Medieval Rus' birchbark documents dating from the eleventh to the fifteenth century.

Medieval Rus' Chronicles

Scans and annotated full-text versions of six different Medieval Rus' chronicles.

Meeting of Frontiers

Meeting of Frontiers is a bilingual, multimedia English-Russian digital library that tells the story of the American exploration and settlement of the West, the parallel exploration and settlement of Siberia and the Russian Far East, and the meeting of the Russian-American frontier in Alaska and the Pacific Northwest.

Memorial Collections

The web-site of the Russian “Memorial” (an organization devoted to studying and preserving the memory of Stalin’s crimes) contains many documents related to purges and terror in the Soviet Union in the 1930s.

Military History of Russia

This a Russian web-site devoted to military history in general, from ancient times till now. The web-site hosts a wide range of memoirs written by Russian and Soviet generals, officers, and rank-on-file related to the two World Wars.

Moshkov's Library [Biblioteka Moshkova]

The largest and the most popular Russian library on the Internet was founded in 1994. It includes digital books of Russian literature, poetry, classics, and fiction, as well as many translations of Western European, North American, and East Asian writers into Russian. There are also selected digitized works by Ukrainian and Belarusian writers.

Old Rus' Manuscript Books

PDF versions of four different Medieval Rus' manuscript books.

Olonetskie Gubernskie Vedomosti

Olonetskiie Gubernskiie Vedomosti (News of Olonets Province) were published during 1838-1917 being official newspaper of Olonetsk province. The newspaper is a very useful source on the provincial life of the Russian Empire. It also published numerous ethnographic, cultural, philological, etc. materials of significant academic importance for studies in the Russian North in particular, and Russian traditional culture in general. A team of scholars from Petrozavodsk State University have been digitizing most of the issues (over 4,000) and continue to work on the project.

One hundred key documents of Soviet history, 1917-1991

The web-site is a joint project of German and Russian historians offering their selection of key 100 hundred documents of Soviet history, 1917-1991. The documents are presented there through scanned images of originals which are held at Russian archives. is web-site hosted by the Chair of Russian Literature at Petrozavodsk University. The web-site offers open access to classics of Russian Literature (Gogol', Dostoevsky etc) and to complete works of V. Dal', including his famous dictionary.

Presidential Library

Homepage of the Boris Yeltsin Presidential Library, one of three national libraries of the Russian Federation. Available in both Russian and English, the website includes News and Events, access to the library's catalogue, and electronic versions of items in the library's thematically-organized collections.

Prokudin-Gorskii Collection at the Library of Congress

"The Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii Collection features color photographic surveys of the vast Russian Empire made between ca. 1905 and 1915. Frequent subjects among the 2,607 distinct images include people, religious architecture, historic sites, industry and agriculture, public works construction, scenes along water and railway transportation routes, and views of villages and cities. An active photographer and scientist, Prokudin-Gorskii (1863-1944) undertook most of his ambitious color documentary project from 1909 to 1915. The Library of Congress purchased the collection from the photographer's sons in 1948."

Pushkin Collection

The Pushkin Collection is an authoritative resource on the famous Russian poet Aleksandr Sergeevich Pushkin, created at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. This resource consists of nearly 8000 monographs, journal articles, and collections of articles about Pushkin, editions of his work, and translations.

Russian humanities portal is a joint internet-based project of the Moscow Publishing House “OGI” and Chair of Russian Literature of University of Tartu. The web-site serves as a guide into the world of Russian studies, particularly into literature and linguistic studies. Besides a huge collection of links, the web-site also provides online access to some rare publications, but is most useful as a reference and guide to the academic web-world of Russian studies.

Sakharov Archive

Homepage of the Andrei Sakharov Archives in Moscow. Includes information about the archive's funds and collections, library, and publications. Also includes instructions for ordering copies of documents or materials from the archive. Available in Russian and English.

Seventeen Moments in Soviet History

Seventeen moments in Soviet History has been directed and created by James von Geldern (Macalester College) and Lewis Siegelbaum (Michigan State University). The object of this web site is to give users a sense of what experience of Soviet life was like, using the original words of the participants. We have selected from Soviet history seventeen moments - following the title of a beloved Soviet spy series of the 1970s - almost at random but not entirely. Materials for the website are collected from the Hoover Archives and Stanford Libraries.

Signposts Electronic Library [Biblioteka Vekhi]

“Vekhi” is an online library of Russian religious-philosophical literature and fiction. The web-site hosts works by such philosophers as N. Berdiav, L. Shestov, V. Soloviev, S. Bulgakov etc. The web-site also offers access to fiction written by F. Dostoevskii, M. Bulgakov, A. Solzhenitsyn and Ia. Pasternak. Additionally, the web-site includes an online version of the most important Russian prerevolutionary encyclopedia, Brokhaus and Efron.

Stalinka: Digital Library of Staliniana

Stalinka is intended as an online resource for students, teachers, scholars, and anyone conducting research on Stalin/ism. Assembled by Helena Goscilo (Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures), Susan Corbesero (Department of History), and Petre Petrov (graduate student) at the University of Pittsburgh, the collection comprises visual materials and artifacts relating to Stalin: photographs, posters, paintings, banners, sculptures, chinaware, pins, etc.

The Harvard Project on the Soviet Social System Online

The Harvard Project on the Soviet Social System Online provides access to digitized materials selected from the Harvard Project on the Soviet Social System (HPSSS). The digital collection consists chiefly of summary transcripts of 705 interviews conducted with refugees from the USSR during the early years of the Cold War.

Tolstoy: 90-volume collection of works

It is a digitized collection of works by Lev Tolstoy including his fiction, rough copies, correspondence, diaries ets.

Documents of Soviet Time

The website is a gateway to digitized documents that are crucial for understanding the Soviet era. In addition, the resource provides access to databases and libraries of digitized archival documents stored in federal records that are publicly available, relevant documentary publications, and reference books. The first collection has about 300,000 copies of documents from the Politburo (1919-1932) and from Stalin’s Fund (1866-1996) stored in the Russian State Archive of Socio-Political History.

Russians without Russia. Press archive

This website contains an archive of hundreds of illustrated publications by Russian émigrés released in the period between World Wars I and II. The collection contains rare magazines and newspapers never republished and almost unknown.

Soviet Samizdat Periodicals

Soviet Samizdat Periodicals is a database of information about editions of classic Soviet samizdat, 1956-1986. The database includes approximately 300 titles, representing all known types of samizdat periodical issues from the late Soviet era, including human rights bulletins, poetry anthologies, rock zines, religious and national editions. The database is fully searchable. Researchers will find detailed bibliographic and archival information. The site also includes information about samizdat and dissidence for the general public. The website is intended to provide a forum for continuing discussion about this outstanding phenomenon of recent history.


This is a digital library, created on the basis of the digitized assets of the State Public Historical Library of Russia (GPIB). Currently BIBLIOPHIKA contains 1235 volumes (467,912 pages) from the funds of GPIB published before 1917. It includes the laws of the Russian Empire; historical, geographical, and ethnographical sources; and books on genealogy, heraldry, history, and culture.

Pravda Digital Archive

This resource provides access to full text and full image coverage of Pravda beginning in 1912 to the present. It is searchable in Russian Cyrillic or transliteration.

Digital Library - Runivers

This resource provides access to primary sources, books and texts in Russian history and culture. The collection contains books published in Russia in the nineteenth - early twentieth century, predominantly focusing on history, including works of Russian philosophers, encyclopedias, collections of documents, maps, and photographs that were taken out of cultural circulation for nearly a century.

International Bibliographic Centre

This biographical database contains over 1,000 individual biographies of outstanding contemporary figures from Russia.

Foreigners in Pr-revolutionary Russia

The extensive archive of Professor Erik Amburger includes data on nearly 100,000 foreigners in the Russian Empire up to the year 1917 (about 2,960 families). The database offers access to list-like genealogical statements that can be viewed at the Institute of East and Southeast European Studies, Regensburg, Germany.


Digital National Library of Serbia

The Digital National Library of Serbia consists of selected digitized documents such as Cyrillic manuscripts, rare books, newspapers, maps, photographs, posters and documentary materials, catalogs and bibliographies. All collections can be searched using the search box.


Electronic Library of Slovak Literature

Electronic Library of Slovak Literature is an open-access digital library of Slovak literature classics.

Centre for Information on Literature

The Centre for Information on Literature, established by the Ministry of Culture of the Slovak Republic, provides material and organizational support to literature written in Slovakia, its authors and translators. The Centre observes development in the sphere of literature in Slovakia and abroad, collects and preserves documentary evidence and maintains this database containing relevant information.


Digital Library of Slovenia

A web portal providing access to digitized resources such as journals, books, manuscripts, maps, photographs, music and reference material. All the collections are freely accessible.


Digital Archive of the Ukraine Famine 1932-1933

The Secret Service of Ukraine has published declassified documents from its formerly closed archive on Ukrainian collectivization and famine of 1929-1933. The documents were scanned into .jpg format. The images are supplemented with an online catalogue with short descriptions of the files.

Digital Publications of the Institute of Ukrainian History

The web-site of the Institute of Ukrainian History, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Publications of the Institute, both periodicals and monographs, are available on the site in PDF format. Among the periodicals are Ukrainskyi Istorychnyi Zhurnal, Sotsium, Ruthenica, etc.


This resource is a collection of articles, discussions, and bibliographic citations to new books and journals in Ukrainian history. The site is a networking tool that enables communication between the regional centers of Ukraine, experts from different countries, different generations of intellectuals, and different disciplines.

Digital Archive of the Ukrainian Liberation Movement

This electronic archive provides access to digitized copies of documents on the history of the Ukrainian liberation movement in the 20th century. The collection contains documents about the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists, the Ukrainian Insurgent Army, the Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council, and others, as well as documents of the dissident and mass national-democratic movement in the second half of the 20th century. It also includes documents of the NKVD-MGB-KGB, Gestapo, and German security service and others. Presently, the archive consists of more than 10,000 documents. This archive is a joint project of the Center for the Liberation Movement, Lviv National University named after I. Franko, and the National Memorial Museum of Victims of Occupation Regimes "Prison at Lonsky."

Electronic Library of Ukrainian Literature

The Electronic Library of Ukrainian Literature provides free access to electronic texts of Ukrainian literature maintained by the professor of Ukrainian Literature at the University of Toronto, Maxim Tarnawsky. The Electronic Library contains both Ukrainian and English texts. It can be searched by keyword, phrase, or author. The site has useful links to other electronic collections.


Exlibris is a Ukrainian digital library. It hosts full-text books covering the history and literature of Ukraine. This electronic collection also contains many memoirs.

First Wave of Ukrainian Immigration to Canada, 1891-1914

The exhibit features written and oral accounts of some of the first Ukrainian settlers to Canada, as well as photographs and other illustrative material.


This is the very rich resource of old Ukrainian literature. Rare and unique manuscripts are the major strength of this resource. The website also contains many resources devoted to Ukrainian literature, language, history, and nationalism. The resource also consists of grammers and historical maps.

Library of Ukrainian poetry

This is a very comprehensive website devoted to Ukrainian poetry. On this site one can find Ukrainian poetry from the 17th-19th centuries, poetry of the 20th century, and works by contemporary poets. The website is up-to-date and easy to search. Search by author and by period.

Makhno Movement

This web-site is devoted to Nestor Makhno, who was a colorful figure of the Ukrainian Revolution, 1917-1920. The web-site hosts memoirs and articles by Makhno, as well as by participants of his anarchist movement, photos of Makhno and his soldiers, and some research material on him and the movement.

Mary Fisher-Slyzh library

The Electronic Ukrainian Library named after Mary Fisher-Slyzh is a rich resource of Ukrainian literature. This library is located on the website "Ukrainians in Sevastopol’”. The site provides access to a wide range of Ukrainian books in many areas, namely literature, drama, poetry, language, and history.

Online Histories of Ukraine

The web-site is sponsored by IREX and offers free online access to HTML and PDF versions of Natalia Yakovenko’s and Yaroslav Hrytsak’s histories of Ukraine (the former covering the history of Ukraine till the end of the 18th century, and the latter covering the years 1772-1996). The site also hosts an electronic version of a three-volume reference work on Ukrainian history.

Digital Library of Ukraine

This multidisciplinary electronic archive collects, stores, distributes, and provides access to research materials (articles, tutorials, presentations, etc.).