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Research Guides

INI102: Telling the Stories of the City: Writing Creative Non-Fiction

Accuracy Checklists

Avoid Misinformation

How to Spot Fake News


  1. Consider the Source: Click away from the story to investigate the site, its mission and its contact info.
  2. Read Beyond:  Headlines can be outrageous in an effort to get clicks. What's the whole story?
  3. Check the Author: Do a quick search on the author. Are they credible? Are they real?
  4. Supporting Sources?:  Click on those link. Determin if the info given actually supports the story.
  5. Check the Date: Reposting old new stories doesn't mean they're relevant to current events.
  6. Is it a Joke? If it's too outlandish, it might be satire. Research the site and author to be sure.
  7. Check your Biases: Consider if your own beliefs could affect your judgement.
  8. Ask the Experts: Ask a librarian, or consult a fact-checking site.

Evaluating information using RADAR

You may start with a Wikipedia or a commercial website to get basic familiarity with a concept - but don't stop there.

Credible, appropriate sources will add great value to your conceptual design. How do you evaluate credibility? Follow the guidelines provided by your course instructors. So keep in mind RADAR (Rationale, Authority, Date, Accuracy, and Relevance) when researching:

  RADAR (Rational, Authority, Date, Accuracy, Relevance)

Adapted from: Mandalios, J. (2013). RADAR: An approach for helping students evaluate Internet sources. Journal of Information Science, 39(4), 470–478.