1. Select an appropriate article database:
Often you'll want to search one of the key databases / indexes listed BELOW, such as the Canadian Periodical Index or America: History & Life (which covers the U.S. and Canada). You may also want to search international subject-specific databases -- such EconLit for economics or MLA for literature -- which you'll find via Subjects A-Z.
To find Canadian information in international databases, you can add canada to your search terms. In many databases you can search for canad* to retrieve Canada, Canada's, Canadian, Canadians, etc. -- e.g.:
graphic novels AND canad*
Or, you may wish to add a specific province or city to your search terms -- e.g.:
petroleum AND alberta
2. Construct your search strategy:
Break down your topic into major concepts and combine them with AND. E.g., if you were researching Canadian government policies on multiculturalism, you could combine the following concepts:
multiculturalism AND Canada AND policy
You can use an asterisk (*) as a "wildcard" in many databases -- e.g.,:
multicultural* AND canad* AND policy
You can think of synonyms or other ways of expressing your concepts, and combine them with OR -- e.g.:
(multicultural* or cultural pluralism) AND canad* AND (policy OR policies)
3. Obtain the articles:
In most databases you'll see a "Get It UTL" button, which often takes you to a full text article online. Tip: If you get an error message, click "More options" on the U of T Libraries banner at the top of the page -- this may lead you to other providers of the online article or to print holdings in U of T libraries. In databases where there is no "Get It UTL" button, you can also search for the article title in the Articles tab of the U of T Libraries home page.
You can also search the library catalogue for the journal title (e.g., "Canadian Journal of Native Studies") to find print and online holdings of that journal. Use the "Catalogue" tab from the U of T Libraries homepage, and select "journal title" from the drop-down menu in the Catalogue.
4. Need more help?
U of T librarians and library staff would be glad to help.
This is a selection -- for additional databases, please see Subjects A-Z: Canada.
This is a major index for materials on the history and culture of Canada (and the United States) from prehistoric times to the present. Coverage includes the following fields:
A major database for Canadian topics, including many Canadian academic journals and popular magazines.
For earlier years, use the paper version of The Canadian Periodical Index 1920-1998, located on Index Table #2, Reference Room, Robarts Library, 4th floor.
A comprehensive database for information on Canadian topics. CBCA Complete indexes journals, popular magazines and newspapers, approximately 90% of which are published in Canada. It is made up of three databases, which you also have the option of searching individually:
Please see BELOW for databases / indexes in French or for the period 1800-1960.
For additional databases in English, please see Subjects A-Z: Canada.
PRINT INDEXES FOR EARLIER MATERIAL:
Point de repère [print]
Index analytique [print]
Répertoire bibliographique [print]
For historical newspapers, please see the Newspapers section of this guide.
Libris Canadiana [online]
Architectural index for Ontario [online]
You can search for a particular article by typing its title in the Articles tab of the U of T Libraries home page. Often this takes you directly to the online article (or at least to the journal's website, where you can click on the year and issue where your article appeared). Tip: If you get an error message, click "More options" on the U of T Libraries banner at the top of the page -- this may lead you to other providers of the online article or to print holdings in U of T libraries.
You can also use the Catalogue tab on the U of T Libraries home page to search by journal title to find our print and online holdings. E.g., type Canadian Journal of Native Studies and select "journal title" from the drop-down menu in the Catalogue.
And don't hesitate to ask us for help.
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