Skip to Main Content

Gerstein Science Information Centre

MD Program (UME)

Critical Appraisal


Below are some resources for evidence-based healthcare.


Tutorial videos on critical appraisal using CASP

How to Critically Appraise Articles - Idaho State University Library


Critical Appraisal of a Qualitative Study - University of Sheffield


Appraising a Quantitative Study - University of Sheffield


Clinical Qs Toolkit

Click here to download the Clinical Q's toolkit from the University of Toronto Libraries. This 2-page PDF provides you with an overview of evidence-based resources that help connect you with the right information for your clinical question.

Clinical Qs Toolkit page, featuring "Point of Care Tools" and "Drug Information"Clinical Qs Toolkit page, featuring clinical practice guidelines, systematic reviews, and primary studies.



HSR Year 2 Practicum Exercise Support

Sage Research Methods is a single point of entry to book, journal and reference content. This is a good starting point for exploring and learning about research methods and the research process.

See the comprehensive searching in the health sciences guide for information about how to formulate your search question, use Boolean operators (OR/AND), search with subject headings and textwords and more!


Vancouver Style Citing and Reference Support

Vancouver Style (AKA ICMJE or Uniform Requirements) is a numbered reference style used in medicine. It consists of:

  • In-Text Citations: Use a number to indicate the use of (or reference to) someone else's work in the text
  • Reference List: A numbered reference list at the end of the document providing full details of the in-text citations.

It follows rules established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors(ICMJE). See Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (2nd edition) for the full reference manual.