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Research Guides

HIS419: Canada By Treaty: Alliances, Title Transfers and Land Claims

With Respect

Original plan of the Toronto Purchase, 1787-1805. Manuscript, colour; mounted on linen.
42.5 x 27 cm, 1911. The plan is part of the J. Ross Robertson Collection of maps.

We wish to acknowledge this land on which the University of Toronto operates. For thousands of years it has been the traditional land of the Huron-Wendat, the Seneca, and most recently, the Mississaugas of the Credit River. Today, this meeting place is still the home to many Indigenous people from across Turtle Island and we are grateful to have the opportunity to work on this land. 

University of Toronto Governing Council

Canada by Treaty: Negotiating Histories

Image of Canada by Treaty Exhibit at Hart House

Image credit: Diana Tyszko

Aboriginal and Treaty Rights Information System (ATRIS)

Finding the original treaty text, to 1923

The process for locating the text of your treaty or settlement agreement will differ depending on the time period it was created. Further, older documents may be available in more than one format, scanned images and transcriptions. 

Comprehensive "claims" and settlement agreements 1973+

Specific Claims

Look at the First Nations' web sites for documents, background, and current issues. 

Government Publications

Texts of treaties or agreements relating to specific or comprehensive claims, as well as supporting documentation, may be found through the following sources. At the end of this list, you will find guides to further research in Canadian government publications.  

American Sources


Guide created by Sara McDowell and Desmond Wong, 2016.