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Research Guides

HIS419: Canada By Treaty: Alliances, Title Transfers and Land Claims

The Two Row Wampum and Covenant Chain

The Toronto Purchase Treaties


We wish to acknowledge this land on which the University of Toronto operates. For thousands of years it has been the traditional land of the Huron-Wendat, the Seneca, and most recently, the Mississaugas of the Credit River. Today, this meeting place is still the home to many Indigenous people from across Turtle Island and we are grateful to have the opportunity to work on this land. 

University of Toronto Governing Council