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EES1100 Master of Environmental Science Research Guide

This guide will help Master of Environmental Students at UTSC access key resources for research, learn about publishing and scholarly communication, prepare for internship, and more.

Writing & Citations

As an academic writer you are required to document the sources of all information you use in your papers, presentations, and projects. Proper citation is used to:

  • give appropriate credit to the author and publisher; 
  • allow your readers to access the sources you used; 
  • avoid plagiarizing someone else's ideas.

By using proper citation, you openly acknowledge where your ideas come from.

Citation Style Guides

Citation help resources

Managing citations

Collecting and organizing citations can be one of the more frustrating tasks of research. Citation management software can help you save time by:

  • collecting citations (to articles, books, websites, etc.) from databases, library catalogues, web, etc.
  • organizing, editing and searching for citations
  • inserting and formatting citations and bibliographies into word processing
  • automatically formatting and reformatting references in particular styles e.g. APA, ACS, CBE/CSE or a particular journal's style

No citation management software is perfect! However, citation management software can save you valuable time formatting and organizing your research.