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Research Guides

Citation Trails: Researching Backward and Forward

Searching Citation Trails on the University of Toronto Library Search Platform

Citation trails can be searched directly on the University  of Toronto Library Search Platform, which will search all available items in the library system.. Citation trails are available for some journal articles, not all. Remember that a newer article may not have been cited yet, limiting the forward searching you can do. Also, some articles may have been cited very little since their publication, and so forward searching will not be possible. Options for backward searching are more frequent than forward searching.

Finding citation trails through the UofT Library Search will generate a list of items that you can access through the UofT Libraries catalogue. We recommend also investigating citation trails on other databases (such as Scopus or Proquest) to make sure you have a thorough search! Find instructions for searching citation trails on other databases through the lefthand tabs of this site.

Forward & Backward Searching through UofT Library Search

1) Find your article in the UofT catalogue and click on the article's title. This will take you to the item record.


2) Find and click on 'Citations' on the left side of the article's item record.


3) "Citing This" allows forward searching. Clicking here will show you all items referencing this article that you can access through UofT Libraries.


4) "Cited In This" allows backward searching. Clicking here will show you all items that this article references available through UofT Libraries.