Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Education Studies Research

This guide provides resources for educational research aimed at students enrolled in research programs at OISE.

Find Books: Evaluating Education Research

Understanding and Evaluating Educational Research

by James H. McMillan, Jon F. Wergin
Publication Date: 2010
Call Number: 370.72 M167U 2010

What Does Good Education Research Look Like?: Situating a Field and its Practices

by Lyn Yates
Publication date: 2004
Call Number: 370.7 Y31W

Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research

by John W. Cresswell
Call Number: 370.72 E24 2019

Publication Date: 2018

How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education

by Jack R. Fraenkel, Norman E. Wallen, Helen H. Hyun
Publication Date: 2012
Call Number: 370.72 F799H 2012

Evaluate Your Literature & Data

Evaluating your literature and data is an essential part of the research process. The time that you spend reading, assessing, and analyzing your findings is important because it allows you to: 

  • Identify whether your literature and data are relevant to your research topic 

  • Determine whether your sources are reputable

  • Develop critical perspectives and citation practices

This section will help you read and analyze scholarly articles effectively, identify relevant and credible literature, and reflect on potential gaps and silences in the findings that you've gathered. ​

Reading & Analyzing Articles

Reading Strategies

A literature search can often turn up dozens or even hundreds of results. While it is crucial to engage with each result thoroughly, developing a reading strategy for scholarly articles will help you save time and effort. Critical reading skills will help you to identify which articles are relevant to your research, and will aide you in locating, analyzing, and summarizing pertinent content within each article. Below are some useful resources to help you develop a reading framework. 

Analyzing Articles

Once you've determined your interest in an article, you should consider the article's merit based on research impact and overall relevance within your field of study. The following resources will help you assess the value of your research article as a scholarly source.

Empirical Research

You may choose to include empirical articles in your research analysis. Empirical research articles are based on the author's direct study or experiments. In an empirical study, researchers will collect qualitative or quantitative data and analyze their results to answer a specific research question. While a literature review or theory paper will summarize or expound upon existing research, empirical research will include original research conducted by the article author(s), and is therefore considered to be primary research. The following resources will help you identify and locate empirical research articles.

Identifying Empirical Research

This video provides an overview of the components of empirical research, and describes how to determine whether an article is an empirical study.

Locating Empirical Research 

Most research databases do not have a filter for empirical research. You can narrow your search for empirical articles by including keywords in your search. The resources below will help you to identify and utilize search terms to summon empirical articles.

Critical Citation Practices

As you evaluate the literature that you have gathered, it is important to engage in critical citation practices. You should consider who you are citing, and what implications stem from valuing one perspective over another in your research. Make sure that you cover a wide range of formats, consider studies that have alternate viewpoints, and include voices/identify gaps or silences. The following resources can help you consider the types of resources that you want to include.