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Gerstein Science Information Centre

Knowledge syntheses: Systematic & Scoping Reviews, and other review types


The purpose of this guide is to connect you with useful information and resources to learn about the different types of method-driven reviews, such as systematic reviews, scoping reviews, rapid reviews, among others, and the process of conducting them. 

The Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) (2016) defines knowledge syntheses as:

"'the contextualization and integration of research findings of individual research studies within the larger body of knowledge on the topic. A synthesis must be reproducible and transparent in its methods, using quantitative and/or qualitative methods".


Systematic reviews, scoping reviews, rapid reviews, meta-analyses, realist reviews, living systematic reviews, narrative syntheses, practice guidelines, among others, are all forms of knowledge syntheses.

Information covered in this guide

Before you start, make sure you are ready. Are you ready to start your review? Find out in this page.
Resources for an overview on knowledge synthesis methods can be found here.
Guidance on the process of conducting knowledge syntheses starts here.
Learn how to develop a protocol.
Best practices on the conduct of Systematic reviews.
Best practices on the conduct of Scoping reviews.
Best practices on the conduct of Rapid reviews.
This page will provide you with a comprehensive list of standards and guidelines for different review types
 Want to learn more about the different tools for managing your review? Visit this page.