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Research Guides

PMU230: Topics in Vocal Performance

There are a number of great sources at the UTL to help you in your studies. This short, curated list of resources will help you get started on role study research.

Opera Research

There are a number of great sources to help you get started on role study research and for exploring opera performance in general. Here is short, curated list of some of the resources most directly relevant to your subject area and available online through the University of Toronto Libraries.

You're also welcome to stop by the Music Library and get research help to explore your topic more in depth. Ask for reference help at the service desk! Reference services are available M-F, 10-4. You're also welcome to make an appointment with me using the contact information on this page.

How to Cite: The Chicago Manual of Style

The predominant guide for citing your sources in musicology is the Chicago Manual of Style. The 17th edition is available as of Sep. 1, 2017. 

The CMoS can be a challenge to use if you're not familiar with it, so the library created a citation guide with music specific examples throughout. It includes examples of footnotes/endnotes and bibliographic entries, along with links to the CMoS if you'd prefer to read the rules in their entirety. It also includes samples with helpful descriptors identifying the various elements needed for citations, as with the illustrations below:

 

Example of a footnote:

Example of a footnote

Example of a bibliographic entry: