Skip to Main Content
Banner Image

Islamic Art and Architecture

Primary vs. Secondary Sources

Working with primary and secondary sources requires a clear understanding of the definitions for these types of  resources.

Online Primary Sources

University of Toronto Library has a list of databases, Primary Sources, click here for the list.

Companion to the Qur'an [electronic resource] : based on the Arberry translation. W. Montgomery Watt. London: Routledge, 2008.

Internet History Sourcebook. Islamic Sources. ed. Paul Halsall. Fordham University.

Early Arabic Printed Books from the British Library, Early Arabic Printed Books from the British Library (1475-1900) is the first full-text searchable digital library of early printed books in Arabic script. Covering religious literature, law, science, mathematics, astrology, alchemy, medicine, geography, travel, history, chronicles, and literature, and including European translations of Arabic works and Arabic translations of European books, it exemplifies the long exchange of ideas and learning between Europe and the Arabic-speaking world.