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Research Guides

CTL 7006: Educational Research 1

This guide is to support the in-class library research workshop for Masters of Teaching students in the course, CTL 7006: Educational Research 1

Citation Management Tools

 Citation management tools allow you to save, import and share citations found on-line. They also help you create reference lists and in-text citations. There are many citation management tools available: We are going to be using Refworks Flow for this workshop. Sign up for Refworks Flow:  


In education courses at OISE, APA 6th edition is most commonly used for in-text citations and reference lists. Refworks can do this for you, but as there are sometimes typos or other small errors, you may need to consult additional resources:


OWL at Purdue

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th Edition)

APA Guide to Electronic References

APA Style Blog


Shortened Links

APA 6th edition citation style prefers the use of  a "DOI" or digital object identifier for electronic sources. DOIs ensure that a stable link exists to an article, even if there is a URL change.  Your ultimate goal is to provide enough information for your reader to be able to locate your source, but please note, not every journal article will provide a DOI or stable link.  To read more about DOIs, please refer to the OWL at Purdue.

For information about creating permanent links to articles, please refer to this FAQ. 


Below are some examples of how you might obtain a stable link or DOI from an article.


On the landing page of your article:


On the actual article:


From “save citation” tools:

Screen shot of a journal