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ANT338H5 Laboratory Methods in Biological Anthropolog

Sources of background information on the social, cultural and medical milieu of the Golden Horseshoe in the 1920 - 1950 period

AJPA Citation Style

American Journal of Physical Anthropology (AJPA) Style

Instructions for AJPA authors, including examples of citing sources.

The literature list must follow CBE style (refer to the CBE Style Manual , 6th edition, Cambridge University Press) and be arranged alphabetically, not chronologically, by author's or authors' surname(s) in the following style: Author's name (or names), year of publication, complete title, volume, and inclusive pages as follows:

Journal article
Trinkaus E, Churchill SE, Ruff CB. 1994. Postcranial robusticity in Homo . II: humeral bilateral asymmetry and bone plasticity. Am J Phys Anthropol 93:1–34.

Bogin B. 2001. The growth of humanity. New York: Wiley-Liss.

Book chapter
Gruner O. 1993. Identification of skulls: A historical review and practical applications. In: Iscan MY, Helmer RP, editors. Forensic analysis of the skull. New York: Wiley-Liss. p 29–45.

Abbreviations of journal titles should follow those used in Index Medicus (see link below).


Council of Biology Editors (CBE) Style Guide

The CBE Style is the basis of the AJPA Style for formatting the literature list.  This link is from the University of Wisconsin - Madison.


Using CBE style

A CBE Style guide from Pearson Education.


Journal abbreviations through PubMed (Index Medicus)

Type in a journal abbreviation to get PubMed to resolve its full title.



Citing and Writing Help

Citation Software Options

A page devoted to helping you explore citation management software.

RefWorks Login

RefWorks allows you to download, save and manage citations you find in a variety of databases and in the library catalogue. With refWorks, you can easily format bibliographies as well.

RefWorks Help Guide

A comprehensive online manual with answers for all questions on importing and formatting references.  When working with databases like ATLA or BAS, you may have to work with import/export filters. Please carefully read the Importing References tab of the guide.

The Robert Gillespie Academic Skills Centre offers individual consultations on the writing and planning process, and on study skills.

U of T Writing: How to Write Essays

"Before you plunge into research or writing, think through the specific topic you are dealing with. Remember, you are not being asked just to collect facts, but to develop and display your powers of reasoning." Margaret Procter, UofT Writing.