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Research Guides

IFP100: Themes in World History

Introduction to APA

APA style is the preferred writing and referencing style for the social and behavioral sciences. It is often used in the discipline of geography. Referencing in APA style has two key elements, which must be included in your paper:

  • In-text citations: they give credit to your research sources for specific ideas used in your paper
  • Reference list: complete bibliographic information that allows your readers to find your research sources themselves

APA Style Guides

The following style guides explain how to cite sources in text and create a reference list according to APA style.

APA Citation Examples

These online resources provide detailed guidelines for APA style and include examples of in-text citations and references for different types of research sources.