Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Banner Image

BIO409H5: Laboratory in Animal Physiology

2018

Welcome!

This Library Guide (LibGuide) was developed for students in BIO409.  The resources listed are examples drawn on for the Library presentation from fall 2017

Primary, Secondary & Tertiary Sources


Primary Sources:

  • original research
  • usually 1st appearance of results
  • research conducted BY authors of paper

Examples: 

  • Proceedings of meetings, conferences and symposia
  • Technical reports 
  • Dissertations or theses
  • Patents
  • Newspaper articles
  • Data sets, such as census statistics 
  • Listservs, newsgroups, and email
  • Scientific journal articles reporting experimental research results 

Secondary Sources:

  • describe, interpret, analyse, evaluate, comment on, and discuss primary sources
  • repackage and reorganize information

Examples:

  • Dissertations or theses (may also be primary)
  • Databases
  • Books (may also be primary)
  • Newspaper articles (may also be primary)
  • Review articles
  • Magazine articles

Tertiary Sources:

  • compile, analyse and condense secondary sources into a convenient, easy-to-read form
  • tend to be factual

Examples: 

  • Dictionaries and encyclopedias 
  • Databases (may also be secondary)
  • Textbooks 
  • Course specific webpages

From: BIO153 LibGuide, M. Thuna (Last updated: Jan 20, 2016 1:17 PM)

Science blogs, websites and news services

There are a wide range of media options for discovery of research results. These are just a few examples fo different types:

Blogs 

News

PrePrint Archives

  • bioRxiv  operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory  

Twitter Search

  • Following a researcher's tweets may be a useful alert for the release of new research results.  Searching Twitter may expose some useful results.