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ANT200 Introduction to the Practice of Archaeology (Fall 2022)

What does "Peer Reviewed" mean?

Scholarly articles and other scholarly resources are published for an audience of researchers, not for the general public.

Scholarly articles accepted for publication in a "peer reviewed" journal have been analyzed by experts with deep knowledge of the subject. These "peers" will have reviewed the paper, including its assumptions, research question, literature review, methodology and results, and have assessed the findings to determine the originality and soundness of the research presented for publication. Once the peer review process is complete, the article can be accepted it for publication as is, be revised before publication, or be rejected altogether.  Think of peer review as a quality control process.

"Refereed" journals are "peer reviewed."

Not sure if a journal article is "Refereed" (Peer Reviewed)?

Comparing Non-Scholarly and Scholarly Resources

  Non-Scholarly Sources (Newspapers, Magazines, etc)

       Scholarly Sources  (including peer-reviewed journals)

  • General public
  • Scholars in that field, and the academic community
  • Journalists; professional writers; persons with a general interest in that topic.
  • No academic affiliation or credentials given
  • Experts in that field (faculty, post-docs, graduate students, etc.)
  • Articles will include author's research affliations
  • Editor working for publisher
  • Editorial board of scholars
  • Peer reviewers who are experts in the field
Citations (Footnotes, Endnotes, etc)
  • References are typically NOT included
  • Includes a bibliography, references, or works cited section.
  • Commercial publisher
  • Scholarly or professional organization, an academic press
Writing Style
  • Assumes readers have no or little knowledge of topic
  • Intended for broad readership
  • Assumes reader has a level of knowledge in the field
  • Uses jargon and technical details related to the field
Other Characteristics
  • Includes advertisements and pictures
  • Glossy presentation
  • Broad subject coverage
  • Text heavy, with few if any images excepts for graphical presentation of data
  • Tables and charts included
  • Few or no advertisements
  • A narrow subject focus