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Research Guides

MIE315: Design for the Environment

IEEE Citation Style

Use this resource to help you cite in the correct IEEE style (a citation manager can help as well)

Electronic Journal

J. K. Author, “Name of paper,” Abbrev. Title of Journal, vol. x, no. x, pp. xxx-xxx, Abbrev. Month, year. Accessed on: Abbrev. Month. Day, Year. [Online]. Available: site/path/file (doi:xxxxx, database or URL) 

•Where there is a DOI available, do not include the Accessed on Date
•Available: site/path/file location of an electronic journal can be a DOI, a library database provider or a full URL.
J. Carlson, D. Menicucci, P. Vorobieff, A. Mammoli, and H. He, "Infrared imaging method for flyby assessment of solar thermal panel operation in field settings," Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 163-171, Sept. 2014. doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2014.05.008
M. Frishberg and M. M. Gobble, "Quantum dots: beyond solar cells," Research Technology Management, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 7-8, May/Jun. 2015. Accessed on: Oct. 13, 2014. [Online]. Available: 
C. H. Mounika, K. S. Roy, and M. Ali, "Motor speed control based on temperature using can protocol," International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 4. no. 4, Apr. 2013,  pp. 1249-1252. Accessed on: Oct. 28, 2015. [Online]. Available:


J. K. Author, “Title of chapter in the book,” in Title of His Published Book, xth ed. City of Publisher, (only U.S. State), Country: Abbrev. of Publisher, year, ch. x, sec. x, pp. xxx–xxx. 

B. Klaus and P. Horn, Robot Vision. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press, 1986.

L. Stein, “Random patterns,” in Computers and You, J. S. Brake, Ed. New York, NY, USA: Wiley, 1994, pp. 55- 70. 


Name of Manual/Handbook, x ed., Abbrev. Name of Co., City of Co., Abbrev. State, year, pp. xxx-xxx.

Transmission Systems for Communications, 3rd ed., Western Electric Co., Winston-Salem, NC, 1985, pp. 44–60.

Technical Report:

J. K. Author, “Title of report,” Abbrev. Name of Co., City of Co., Abbrev. State, Country, Rep. xxx, year. 

R. E. Haskell and C. T. Case, “Transient signal propagation in lossless isotropic plasmas,” USAF Cambridge Res. Labs., Cambridge, MA, Rep. ARCRL-66-234 (II), 1994, vol. 2. 


Author(s)*. “Title.” Internet: complete URL, date updated* [date accessed].

 M. Duncan. “Engineering Concepts on Ice. Internet:, Oct. 25, 2000 [Nov. 29, 2003]. 


Title of Standard, Standard number, date. 

Letter Symbols for Quantities, ANSI Standard Y10.5-1968. 

Citation management software

Citation management software can be used to save, organize and share these references or create bibliographies in different citation styles. Each citation manager has different features. Try using a few different ones to decide which one is best for you! Compare software or get more detailed information on how to use RefWorks at UofT using the links below.

Writing help through Engineering Communication Program

Engineering Communication Program (ECP) can help you improve all aspects of academic writing and oral presenting in engineering and elective courses and beyond (such as job/graduate school applications). ECP services available to all undergraduate U of T engineering students. Individuals and teams of students can be accommodated in a single time slot.