Primary sources in science have to:
Most of the time, we consider peer-reviewed scholarly journal articles to be the model primary sources in science.
Peer-reviewed journal articles reporting original research are empirical studies. They are organized in a way that reflects the research process:
Take a look at this interactive guide to scholarly peer-reviewed articles. It shows all the elements common to empirical studies.
What about scholarly sources?
You are asked to find a scholarly essay. Scholarly sources have much in common with primary sources in the sciences, but the category is broader and less restrictive.
Scholarly essays must:
Scholarly essays can be:
Here are some examples of sources that fulfill - or exceed - all the requirements of scholarly essays, as shown in their Ulrichsweb descriptions:
Not all scholarly sources have Ulrichsweb entries.
When there is no information in Ulrichsweb, you examine the first page of the source for:
If you are not sure, look through the text of the source and look for:
You are looking for:
American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Day, RA, and Gastel, B. (2006). How to write and publish a scientific paper. 6th ed. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press.
|Non-Scholarly Sources (Newspapers, Magazines, etc)||
Scholarly Sources (including peer-reviewed journals)
|Citations (Footnotes, Endnotes, etc)||
A good starting point is the specialized psychology journal article database called PsycINFO. PsycINFO lets you search all the key research journals in psychology at the same time.
Ulrich's Periodical Directory lets you see whether a journal in which you found your article is scholarly and peer-reviewed.
Search for the title of the journal in Ulrich's
If the journal is peer-reviewed, you will see a REFEREE'S T-shirt image beside the title: