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Institute for the Study of University Pedagogy

Resources to support research in courses within the Institute for the Study of University Pedagogy.

American Psychological Association (APA), 7th Edition

American Psychological Association (APA), 7th edition

You will be using the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), Seventh Edition, more commonly known as APA Style. Below you will find the basic structure of citations and references in APA, and a series of links for more detailed information.


Author, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of book. Name of Publisher. DOI


Author, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of article. Journal Title, volume number (issue number), page numbers. DOI or URL


Author, A. A. (Date of posting/revision). Title of webpage. URL


In-text citation

End of sentence
(Author, Year of Publication, p. 123)
Within sentence
Author (Year of Publication, p. 123) states that ...


APA Guides