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Research Guides

INI101: Blogging the just city

This guide supports the class taught by Prof. Shawn Micallef.

Citation Managers


Citing your papers is an important part of the research process. 

  • Why cite?: Learn about plagiarism, and why it's important to cite other people's work.
  • How not to plagiarize: Discover what you need to cite, and how to cite it properly.

However, citing your papers can also become one of the more frustrating and time-consuming parts of the research process. Citation management software can help you save time by allowing you to:

  • Collect citations from online databases and library catalogues
  • Organize, edit, and search through the citations you've saved
  • Insert in-text citations, footnotes, and bibliographies into your Word document
  • Create bibliographies in well-known styles like APA, Vancouver, and even specific journal styles like Nature
  • Share your citations and collaborate with colleagues on projects

Which citation manager should I use?

Citation managers can help you:  

  • collect the citation information for books, articles, websites, and more 
  • automatically format in-text citations and bibliographies
  • save the citation information, PDFs and notes in the cloud
  • organize the research materials in folders or share folders with others

More info can be found in UofT Libraries Citation Management Guide or another great Comparison chart of reference management software on Wikipedia for even more suggestions.


Zotero (free)

Due to Apple updates, Zotero's plugin for Safari is not being updated at this time. 


Google Docs


  • Register for free account
  • Download software (make sure Word is closed):
    • Using Chrome or Safari: download software and browser plug in
    • Using Firefox: download software and Cite It Write plugin
  • Sync your account
  • Set up PDF plugin so Zotero can retreive citation information (only works if the PDF is readable)

EndNote Online (free)


Google Docs

  • Register for free account
  • Cite While You Write plugin
  • web browser add ons
  • Previously named EndNote Web

EndNote X8

(Purchase Required 



Google Docs

ProQuest RefWorks

(free but requies an active UofT email)


Google Docs

  • Register for free account with your Utoronto email
  • Please note that there is an older version of RefWorks (orange logo) and it doesn't work with Google Docs 

RefWorks Quick Start Guide



Cite Images

The following sites have tips on the type of information you need for you citing images in various citation styles: MLA, APA & Chicago / Turabian style: