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PSY309 Experimental Design and Theory: Resources

This guide supports the Experimental Design and Theory course offered to Psychology Specialists. It covers the basics of the research process and specialized psychology research databases.

Help with Writing

U of T Writing: Annotated Bibliography
This U of T guide written by Deborah Knott, New College Writing Centre, helps you to get a sense of how to write an APA-style annotated bibliography.

U of T Writing: How to Write Essays

"Before you plunge into research or writing, think through the specific topic you are dealing with. Remember, you are not being asked just to collect facts, but to develop and display your powers of reasoning." Margaret Procter, UofT Writing.

The Robert Gillespie Academic Skills Centre offers individual consultations on the writing and planning process, and on study skills.



APA Citation Style

APA 6th ed. (APA)

Well-structured tutorials on the APA style from the American Psychological Association.

APA 6th ed. Guide (Purdue OWL)

A comprehensive APA guide with great examples, including a full sample paper.

What is a DOI?

DOIs, or digital object identifiers, should be included in every complete APA citation.  Learn more about DOIs from this document.

DOI Resolver (crossref)

This free app links a resource with its DOI.

The Philosophy of Citing

When you are researching and writing for your psychology courses, you are practicing how to participate in the conversation of scholarship.

The main rule of conversation is showing where facts and ideas you did not originate actually came from. This is called citing.  Watch the video below to review the concepts of paraphrasing, quoting and citing: