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Research Guides

Artificial Intelligence for Image Research

A guide on how to use Generative AI for image generation, editing, concept creation and development.

Citing Generative AI

MLA, and Chicago Manual of Style have released guidelines on citing generative AI in your work.

Do note that these citation styles may be subject to change in the future.


MLA Style:

MLA Guide to citing generative AI

Following the guidelines in section 1.7 of the MLA Handbook, the format is as follows:

Title of source (describe what was generated)

AI tool



Date created

Location (general URL)

For example:

Fabric print of farm animals, Midjourney ver 5.2, Midjourney Inc., 18/07/2023,



Chicago-Style recommends including the following information:

  • The creator of the content (e.g. DALL-E 2, Deep Dream Generator)
  •  The text prompt you used to generate the content in quotation marks (If you included the prompt in the body of your text, you are not required to repeat it in the footnote)
  • The organization or developer that created the tool (e.g. OpenAI, Stability AI)
  • The date the content was generated


Name of AI Tool. Response to "Text prompt used."  AI-generated image. Developer's Name, Date generated. 



Midjourney v 5.2. Response to "Cat with a mustache in the style of Lord of the Rings"  AI-generated image. Midjourney Inc, July 18th, 2023.



 6. Image generated by DALL·E 2, June 9, 2023, Open AI.

 7. Midjourney v 5.2. Response to "Cat with a mustache in the style of Lord of the Rings", July 18th, 2023, Midjourney Inc.

 8. Deep Dream Generator, image generated in response to “A cluttered kitchen rendered as an impressionist painting,” June 10, 2023, Aifnet Ltd.



"Cat with a mustache in the style of Lord of the Rings", image generated by Midjourney Inc's Midjourney v 5.2, June 18th, 2023.

“A messy kitchen in the style of Unreal Engine 5” image generated by Stability AI's Stable Diffusion, June 10, 2023.




For citations regarding ChatGPT and Large Language Models (LLMs), refer to: