Skip to main content
Banner Image

CLA230: Introduction to Greek History

A guide to assist students with research for assignments in CLA230 on the UTM campus.



This guide is designed to help you complete your research assignment in CLA230. It has been created in consultation with Professor Rubincam and your TA Megan Campbell and contains information they have identified as useful for the completion of your assignment.

If you have any questions, you have many ways to approach the library for help. The Help box to the right shows you the options for getting help.


Need Help? Come to the library, send us an email, call us or use our convenient chat!

In Person

Check our library hours

Visit us at the Reference Desk on the main floor of the library

Book an appointment with one of our librarians or reference specialists


Email us at





Give us a call at (905) 828-5237





Chat with us 12 noon to 7PM




Primary Sources

Perseus Online Database

Perseus is an enormous online database of resources, including translations of many works of ancient literature, images of material objects, maps, and general reference sources. 

To find translations of primary texts: under the heading “Collections/Texts” click “Greek and Roman Materials.”  Texts will then be organized alphabetically by author.  Next, click the arrow next to your desired author to pull up a list of available texts – the list will usually specify in parentheses whether it is in Greek, Latin, or English.

Finding Primary Sources at UTM

If you prefer to use a print version of an ancient author, please search in the catalogue. You will need to know the name of an author, so please consult the section on BACKGROUND INFORMATION to identify possible names.

The Library Catalogue tells you what we have in the University of Toronto Libraries. You will find the catalogue tab at the top of the UTM Library web page.

Search for material written by an individual in the AUTHOR field.
For example: Thucydides

The results will be for the entire university library system.
Use the REFINE RESULTS column on the left hand side to limit to Library. Select U of T at Mississauga to get a list of works by your author in the UTM Library. 

Tips on Citing Primary Sources

Classics uses a specialized, precise method of citing ancient sources. 

The proper format for citing classical texts is:

For prose: Author, Title Book.Chapter.Section  

e.g. Arrian, Campaigns of Alexander 1.5.3

For poetry: Author, Title Book(if applicable).line number      

e.g. Homer, Iliad 18.141-143; Sophocles, Antigone 904-922

You must give the precise reference to the original literary text (book number, chapter number, section/line number), NOT just a page reference to your modern translation.   

If an author wrote only one work, you may omit the name of the work;

e.g. Herodotus 9.1, rather than Herodotus, Histories 9.1

Note: If you are including a parenthetical citation at the end of a sentence, e.g. (Homer, Odyssey 1.1-3), the period always follows the citation.




Background Information

Online Resources

Books at the UTM Library


Below is a list of call numbers for various subjects that may be helpful to you while browsing the stacks in the UTM Library.

Level 3 call numbers are from A to K, Level 4 call numbers are from L to Z

  • CJ Ancient Coins
  • DF Greek Social History
  • N-NA Graeco Roman Art
  • PA Ancient Authors - original and translation; also commentaries on various texts
  • T Technology
  • U Weapons and War

Reference Books on Reserve at UTM Library

The books listed below have been placed on reserve for your course. Ask for them by call number at the Information and Loans Service desk on the main floor of the UTM Library. The last book in the list is available electronically.

Finding Journal Articles

Journal Databases

If you wish to locate scholarly journal articles, the databases below will allow you to search for your topic.

Writing Help


The UTM Academic Skills Centre is a valuable resource for assistance with your writing.

     “Learning Strategists at the Robert Gillespie Academic Skills Centre offer one-on-one instruction in the various forms of academic writing and oral presentations required in your courses. You can bring your work-in-progress from any course you are taking. Bring your work at any stage in its development, from brain-storming and planning to revising a draft. We can help you learn to interpret assignments, establish a critical perspective, read texts critically, take notes effectively, form a strong thesis or research question, develop your analysis, construct a coherent argument, organize your paper effectively, use and document sources properly, revise your drafts, and improve grammar and style. We don't “proof-read” papers for you; we will help you learn to identify and correct problems of grammar and syntax.” UTM Academic Skills Centre

      Other resources offering guidance on how to write an academic essay:

Citing Your Sources

Citation Guides

Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS)

A new 17th edition has recently been published with significant changes, while many are still using the 16th edition. Check with your professor. Please be consistent, don’t switch between editions.

Citing Ancient Sources (e.g. primary sources)


Plagiarism is a serious offense, whether committed intentionally or not.
See the following links for definitions of plagiarism and how you can avoid it: