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Research Guides

EEB197: Biodiversity & the City

General Guidelines [APA]

General Guidelines for your assignment:

  1. PAGE LAYOUT: Your synopsis must be two pages long on letter-sized paper, with 1.5cm margins on all sides. 
  2. FONT: You should use a clear font that is highly readable in font size 10-12pt.
  3. HEADER: Include a page header (also known as the "running head") at the top of every page.
    • To create a page header/running head, insert page numbers flush right.
    • Then type "TITLE OF YOUR PROJECT" in the header flush left using all capital letters.
    • The running head is a shortened version of your project's title and cannot exceed 50 characters including spacing and punctuation.
  4. IMAGES: Pictures can total at most half a page. 

In-Text Citations

In-Text Citations: The Basics

  • Formatting font for in-text citations
  • Short quotations
  • Long quotations
  • Summary or paraphrase

In-Text Citations: Author/Authors

  • Citing an Author or Authors
  • Citing Indirect Sources
  • Electronic Sources including Sources Without Page Numbers


Books [APA] in Reference List

Books with Author(s):

Singh, S. (2000). The code book : The science of secrecy from ancient Egypt to quantum cryptography. New York, NY: Anchor Books. 

Scroll down to "Single Author". 

Books with Editor(s):

Duncan, G. J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (Eds.). (1997). Consequences of growing up poor. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

Scroll down to "Edited Book, No Author". 


Bergmann, P. G. (1993). Relativity. In The New Encyclopedia Britannica. (Vol. 26, pp. 501-508). Chicago, IL: Encyclopedia Britannica.

Scroll down to  "An Entry in an Encyclopedia".

Chapter in a Book [APA] in Reference List

Chapter in a Book:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In A. A. Editor & B. B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pages of chapter). Location: Publisher.


O'Neil, J. M., & Egan, J. (1992). Men's and women's gender role journeys: A metaphor for healing, transition, and transformation. In B. R. Wainrib (Ed.), Gender issues across the life cycle (pp. 107-123). New York, NY: Springer.

Scroll down to "Article or Chapter in an Edited Book".

Articles [APA] in Reference List

Scholarly Articles: 

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.


Harlow, H. F. (1983). Fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 55, 893-896.

Scroll down to "Article in Journal Paginated by Volume".


Websites [APA] in Reference List


Satalkar, B. (2010, July 15). Water aerobics. Retrieved from

Scroll down to "Example". 

Click on the link for more information on citing electronic sources.

Lecture Notes [APA] in Reference List

Lecture Notes:

"Identify as lecture or performance in your paper. Do not list in your References." 

Scroll down to "Lectures and Live Performances."