According to the Equator Network, a reporting guideline is defined as "a simple, structured tool for health researchers to use while writing manuscripts" and "reporting guidelines are more than just some thoughts about what needs to be in an academic paper."
They specifically define a reporting guideline as: “a checklist, flow diagram, or structured text to guide authors in reporting a specific type of research, developed using explicit methodology."
Whether presented as structured text or a checklist, a reporting guideline:
To view a list of reporting guidelines for a variety of study designs, view Equator Network's list.
The PRISMA-P checklist of 27 items pertain to the content of a systematic review and meta-analysis, which include the title, abstract, methods, results, discussion, and funding.
The PRISMA-ScR was published in 2018. The checklist contains 20 essential reporting items and 2 optional items to include when completing a scoping review. Scoping reviews serve to synthesize evidence and assess the scope of literature on a topic. Among other objectives, scoping reviews help determine whether a systematic review of the literature is warranted.
The National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools published the Rapid Review Guidebook - Steps for conducting a Rapid Review in 2017. The comprehensive guide covers the most important information on rapid review processes.
Read the RAMESES publication standards: realist syntheses authored by Wong, G., Greenhalgh, T., Westhorp, G. et al.
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