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Research Guides

INI332: Cities and Mega-Events

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Citation machines

Sample citations

Below are a book & a journal citation:

Book

Nicolaides, Becky. The Suburb Reader, New York, Routledge, 2006

Journal article

Sylvia Bashevkin, "Talk, money and institutional design" Canadian Journal of Urban Research, Vol. 13, No. 2, Winter. 2004 pp. 197

 

Clues to recognizing citations to books, journals & more

What's in italics (or underlined)?

  • It should be the title of the main work - the book or journal.

What's the title?

  • If there's a single title, it must be a book.
  • If there are two titles, one in italics and one not, it's a smaller part of a larger work - like an article from a journal or a chapter from a book.
  • An article citation ALWAYS provides the title of the journal it's from.

Do you see the words "In" and/or "Ed."?

  • If yes, it's likely a section or chapter from an edited book.
  • Each section can have a different author, but the editor(s) pulled the works together to make a book. In this case, you'll see two author sections - one for the author of the section/chapter and one for the editor of the book.
  • The two authors are the same only when s/he is the editor of the entire book and the author of a section.

Is there a volume/issue number?

  • Journals have volumes and a volume number is included in the citation. Sometimes issue numbers are also included.

Are there page numbers?

  • Page numbers mean it's either an article from a journal or a section of a book.

Is there information about the publisher?

  • Book citations include the publisher's name and location; journals don't include the publisher.