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Medical Licensing Exams: Guides & Resources

Information and resources for Canadian and International medical students about medical licensing exam requirements in Canada and the United States.


The College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario (CPSO)

About the College

Self-Regulation and the Practice of Medicine

Doctors in Ontario have been granted a degree of authority for self-regulation under provincial law. The College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario is the body that regulates the practice of medicine to protect and serve the public interest.

This system of self-regulation is based on the premise that the College must act first and foremost in the interest of the public. All doctors in Ontario must be members of the College in order to practice medicine. The duties of the College include:

  • issuing certificates of registration to doctors to allow them to practice medicine
  • monitoring and maintaining standards of practice through peer assessment and remediation
  • investigating complaints about doctors on behalf of the public, and
  • conducting discipline hearings when doctors may have committed an act of professional misconduct or may be incompetent.

One of many important functions of the CPSO is Registration Physicians must be members of the College to practice medicine in Ontario. The College’s Registration Department handles all inquiries regarding the registration process.

International Medical Graduates

To practice medicine in Ontario, whether as a family practitioner or specialist, international medical graduates (IMGs) must have all the Canadian postgraduate qualifications required for an independent practice certificate. For information on qualifying for independent practice see Registration Requirements and specific information for international medical graduates is available. 

The College is committed to reducing barriers to registration for qualified candidates by finding new and creative ways to evaluate the competence and performance of physicians who wish to practice in Ontario. See Reducing Barriers to Practice.

More information can be accessed at the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario website here .