- U of T Libraries
- Research guides
- UTM Library
- Data & Statistical Resources at the UTM Library
- Types of Research Data

- Data & Statistical Resources at the UTM Library
- Types of Research Data
- A Search Strategy for Data
- Census of Canada
- Statistical Resources By Topic (Canada)
- Statistical Resources By Topic (International)
- Geospatial (GIS) Data
- Data Visualization Resources
- Research Data Management
- Other Data Resources at UofT
- Citing Data in your Research
- Research Data Repositories

**Quantitative Data (Numerical Data)**- Continuous --measurable data within a certain range
- Examples: height, weight

- Discrete--has values, whole numbers, counts
- Examples: Number of visits to a coffee shop per week; number of courses taken this term

- Continuous --measurable data within a certain range

**Qualitative Data (Non-Numerical)**- Nominal --data has no specific order
- Examples: eye colour, blood type

- Ordinal --data has a specific order
- Examples: position in a race, Letter grade in a course.

- Nominal --data has no specific order

Available data is typically found in a raw unprocessed microdata format, or in a processed aggregated format.

**Microdata ** -Individual survey responses are collected as microdata which can then be processed or analyzed by a user in statistical software such as SAS or SPSS. At the University of Toronto, users can also access survey microdata with tools such as SDA and <odesi>.

**Figure 1. A sample of microdata from the 2011 survey on the Vitality of Official Language Minorities**

**Aggregated data** --is typically microdata only combined with several measurements to create a summary statistical table.

*Figure 2. Part of a aggregated 2016 Census data table for the City of Mississauga and "Mississauga-Erin Mills" electoral district which includes UTM.*

- Last Updated: Jan 28, 2018 12:07 PM
- URL: https://guides.library.utoronto.ca/DataResourcesUTML
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