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Gerstein Science Information Centre

Peer Review

This guide gives general information on the peer review process, including how to determine if a journal publishes peer reviewed articles.

What is peer review?

Peer review is the process by which scholars critically appraise each other's work. It is intended to ensure a high level of scholarship in a journal and to improve the quality and readability of a manuscript.

The peer review process is applied to both primary articles (i.e. articles which present findings from original research) and to review articles that summarize primary research.]

How it works

When the manuscript of an article is submitted to a peer-reviewed journal, independent experts are asked to read and comment on the manuscript. If approved by the reviewers, the manuscript is accepted for publication as an article in the journal

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Video on peer review

3 minute video describes the peer review process: