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MST212H1: The Later Medieval Tradition - Customized Resources

MST212H1: The Later Mediaeval Tradition - Customized Resources

Fresco, St. Clair Chapel, Venanson, France, ca. 1481. Photo by Mossot gratefully adapted with a CC license from Wikimedia.

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Brief Reference


Advice on Academic Writing - UofT Writing Centres


Chicago Manual of Style - Notes / Bibliography Style - Quick Guide

Chicago Manual of Style - Notes / Bibliography Style - Full Guide

Oxford Bibliographies

Oxford Bibliographies - General Search

Oxford Bibliographies - Peter Abelard

Oxford Bibliographies - Petrarch

Oxford Bibliographies - Saint Denis [and Abbot Suger]

Key Works

Cambridge Companion to Abelard

Companion to Albert the Great (Brill)

Cambridge Companion to Petrarch

Including more than 5,000 signed articles ranging in length from 100 to 10,000 words, this 13-volume set is the major scholarly encyclopedia for medieval studies and is intended for all levels, from the high school student to the scholar. All volumes are available online on the Internet Archive, a trusted source, but one for which it is necessary to create a free account and login.

V13, Index
Supplement 1.

Handbook of Medieval Culture

Volume 1
Volume 2
Volume 3

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Up to date, and intended for both novices and specialists, this 4-volume set covers European history, society, religion, and culture between A.D. 500 to 1500. Articles number about 5,000. They range from brief to lengthy, include bibliographies, and often unearth material you can only find elsewhere with difficulty. Women and children, for example, get substantial attention. The set contains a thematic listing of entries, a general index, a list of medieval popes and antipopes, and an index of alternative place names.

Science, Religion and Society: An Encyclopedia of History, Culture, and Controversy

Encyclopedia of Monasticism

The major English-language encyclopedia on Catholic topics, it contains some 17,000 articles, each with a bibliography emphasizing the primary sources. Unfortunately many of the articles in the 2003/online edition are reprints from the 1967 edition without any updating. Use this work to get an overview of a subject and to see how it can be divided into narrower topics for a paper.

The Crusades: An Encyclopedia

Oxford dictionary of the Christian Church

Key Figures in Medieval Europe: An Encyclopedia

Medieval Jewish Civilization: An Encyclopedia

The major English-language comprehensive history of the Middle Ages, this work is a completely new edition of the former standard work, The Cambridge Medieval History (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1911; St. Michael’s 2nd Floor – D117 .C3).

Specific Topics

Trade, Travel, and Exploration in the Middle Ages: An Encyclopedia

A Companion to Medieval Art: Romanesque and Gothic in Northern Europe

Medieval Archaeology: An Encyclopedia

Medieval Folklore: An Encyclopedia of Myths, Legends, Tales, Beliefs, and Customs


Medieval England: An Encyclopedia

In entries varying from 500-word descriptions to 3,000-word overviews, this encyclopedia aims at helping undergraduates and the general public in coming to grips with the political, social, religious, economic, intellectual, literary and artistic history of France between roughly 500 and 1500 A.D.. Various useful lists complement these entries: The Kings, Counts, Dukes; Popes; Architectural Terms; and Musical Terms.

This introduction to German and Dutch-speaking Europe focuses on the region’s major people, events, places, daily life, and accomplishments between roughly 500 and 1500 A.D. Alphabetical entries on such topics as patronage, diet and nutrition, and Segher Diengotgaf are made accessible through a list of entries by category (e.g. Music; Persons; Religion and Theology; Women, Gender and Families), as well as by the usual index at the back.

Viking invasions, language, mythology, saints, clothing, craftsmanship, architecture—these are some of the many topics covered in this encyclopedia. The entries, centred on such themes as lineage, manuscripts, persons and scholarship, focus on the period 500 to 1600 A.D., and come with cross-references and bibliographies. There are alphabetical and thematic tables of contents.

Medieval Italy: An Encyclopedia

Volume 1: A-K
Volume 2: L-Z

Pick up this 2-volume set for an introduction to mediaeval Italian life and culture. With nearly 1,000 entries ranging from 500 to 10,000 words, and covering specific topics in the brief articles (e.g. Camerino, Duchy of) and general topics in the lengthy ones (e.g. Florence), this set includes 3 pages of maps, along with a reference list of Popes and Rulers in the appendix.


Research Guide to Medieval Studies

Research Guide to Women in the Middle Ages

Research Guide to Mediaeval Law

UofT E-Resources for Medieval Studies


Primary Sources

Abelard, Peter. Historia Calamitatum: The Story of My Misfortunes. Translated by Henry Adams Bellows. New York: Macmillan, 1972.

Albertus Magnus. The Book of Secrets of Albertus Magnus: Of the Virtues of Herbs, Stones, and Certain Beasts; Also, A Book of the Marvels of the World. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019.

Hartmann von Aue. Arthurian Romances, Tales, and Lyric Poetry: The Complete Works of Hartmann von Aue. Translated by Frank Tobin, Kim Vivian, and Richard H. Lawson. University Park, Pa: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2001.

Petrarca, Francesco. The Life of Solitude = (De Vita Solitaria).. Edited by Scott H. Moore.Translated by Jacob Zeitlin. Waco, Texas: Baylor University Press, 2023.

Suger, Abbot. Abbot Suger on the Abbey Church of St. Denis and Its Art Treasures. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2019.

Secondary Sources

Barron, Caroline M. London in the later Middle Ages: government and people, 1200-1500. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Campbell, B. M. S. The great transition: climate, disease and society in the late medieval world. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016.

Flannery, Mary C. Spaces for Reading in Later Medieval England. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016.

Grant, Lindy. Abbot Suger of St-Denis: Church and State in Early Twelfth-Century France. London: Routledge, 2013.

Madigan, Kevin. Medieval Christianity: A New History. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2015.

Ozment, Steven E. The age of reform 1250-1550 : an intellectual and religious history of late Medieval and Reformation Europe. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2020.

Rosenwein, Barbara H. A short history of the Middle Ages. Toronto, Ontario: University of Toronto Press, 2014.

Rudolph, Conrad. Artistic Change at St-Denis: Abbot Suger’s Program and the Early Twelfth Century Controversy over Art. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press, 1990. In Print

Also available to borrow at the Internet Archive with a free account.

Swaan, Wim, and Christopher Brooke. The Gothic Cathedral. London: Omega, 1984. In Print

See especially Chapter 2 "The Gothic Style" in connection with Abbot Suger. Available to borrow online at the Internet Archive with a free account.

Waley, Daniel Philip, and Peter Denley. Later medieval Europe, 1250-1520. London: Routledge, 2013.

Article Databases


Search LibrarySearch

Known as LibrarySearch, this interdisciplinary database is UofT's largest--and your best bet when more focused databases let you down. It combs through more than 1,200 databases, journal packages, e-book collections, and other resources ranging from the sciences to the social sciences and humanities. At its best, LibrarySearch finds relevant results you won't find elsewhere; at its worst, however, LibrarySearch can overwhelm you will a mish-mash of results from different subject areas.


Everything Search

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Other Databases

International Medieval Bibliography (IMB)

Regesta Imperii

Ulrich's Periodical Directory

ITER: Gateway to the Middle Ages and Renaissance

Over one million bibliographic citations to journal articles, essays in books, and book reviews in the field of religion. Covers all aspects of the major world religions and now includes all the content of the online Catholic Periodical and Literature Index.

The MLA is the major English literature database. It covers criticism related to literature, linguistics and folklore from 1921 to the present, and contains more than 1-million citations to journal articles, series, books, working papers and conference proceedings. Most of the materials indexed before 1963 are American.

Bibliography of the History of Art

Catalogue Search


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