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Gerstein Science Information Centre

Knowledge syntheses: Systematic & Scoping Reviews, and other review types

Welcome!

The purpose of this guide is to connect you with useful information and resources to learn about the different types of knowledge syntheses (method-driven reviews), such as systematic reviews, scoping reviews, rapid reviews, among others, and the process of conducting them. 


The Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) (2016) defines knowledge syntheses as:

"'the contextualization and integration of research findings of individual research studies within the larger body of knowledge on the topic. A synthesis must be reproducible and transparent in its methods, using quantitative and/or qualitative methods."

Systematic reviews, scoping reviews, rapid reviews, meta-analyses, realist reviews, living systematic reviews, narrative syntheses, practice guidelines, among others, are all forms of knowledge syntheses.

Information covered in this guide

Before you start, make sure you are ready to start your review. 

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Overview on different types of knowledge syntheses

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General process of conducting knowledge syntheses

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Develop your protocol

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Best practices on the conduct of systematic reviews

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Best practices on the conduct of scoping reviews

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Best practices on the conduct of rapid reviews

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Comprehensive list of standards and guidelines for different review types

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Tools for conducting and managing your review