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Research Guides

WRR104: Writing Reports

General Guidelines [APA]

General Guidelines (Source: Purdue OWL)

Your essay should be typed and double-spaced on standard-sized paper (8.5" x 11"), with 1" margins on all sides. You should use a clear font that is highly readable. APA recommends using 12 pt. Times New Roman font.

Include a page header (also known as the "running head") at the top of every page. To create a page header/running head, insert page numbers flush right. Then type "TITLE OF YOUR PAPER" in the header flush left using all capital letters. The running head is a shortened version of your paper's title and cannot exceed 50 characters including spacing and punctuation.

Your essay should include four major sections: the Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References.

Books [APA]

Books with Author(s):

​Berndt, T. J. (2002). Friendship quality and social development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11, 7-10.

Scroll down to "Single Author"

Books with Editor(s):

Duncan, G. J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (Eds.). (1997). Consequences of growing up poor. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

Scroll down to "Edited Book, No Author". 


Bergmann, P. G. (1993). Relativity. In The New Encyclopedia Britannica. (Vol. 26, pp. 501-508). Chicago, IL: Encyclopedia Britannica.

Scroll down to  "An Entry in an Encyclopedia".

Chapter in a Book [APA]

Chapter in a Book:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In A. A. Editor & B. B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pages of chapter). Location: Publisher.

O'Neil, J. M., & Egan, J. (1992). Men's and women's gender role journeys: A metaphor for healing, transition, and transformation. In B. R. Wainrib (Ed.), Gender issues across the life cycle (pp. 107-123). New York, NY: Springer.

Scroll down to "Article or Chapter in an Edited Book".

Articles [APA]

Scholarly Articles: 

Harlow, H. F. (1983). Fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 55, 893-896.

Scroll down to "Article in print journal or Article in electronic journal".


Schultz, S. (2005, December 28). Calls made to strengthen state energy policies. The Country Today, pp. 1A, 2A.

Scroll down to "Article in a Newspaper". 


Henry, W. A., III. (1990, April 9). Making the grade in today's schools. Time, 135, 28-31.

Scroll down to "Article in a Magazine". 


Baumeister, R. F. (1993). Exposing the self-knowledge myth [Review of the book The self-knower: A hero under control, by R. A. Wicklund & M. Eckert]. Contemporary Psychology, 38, 466-467.

Scroll down to "Review". 


Websites [APA]


Satalkar, B. (2010, July 15). Water aerobics. Retrieved from

Scroll down to "Example". 

Click on the link for more information on citing electronic sources.

A/V: Film, TV, Online Streaming, Podcast [APA]


Producer, P. P. (Producer), & Director, D. D. (Director). (Date of publication). Title of motion picture [Motion picture]. Country of origin: Studio or distributor.

Scroll down to "Motion Picture". 


Writer, W. W. (Writer), & Director, D. D. (Director). (Date of broadcast or copyright). Title of broadcast [Television broadcast or Television series]. In P. Producer (Producer). City, state of origin: Studio or distributor.

Scroll down to "Television Broadcast or Series Episode". 

Click on the link for more information on citing non-print sources.

Online Streaming Platforms - Netflix, Hulu, Google Play: 

Last name of Documentary Producer, F. M. (Producer), & Last name of Documentary Director, F. M. (Director). (Year of release). Movie title [Video file]. Retrieved from Netflix’s homepage URL.

Scroll down to "Use the following structure to cite a Netflix movie in APA:".


Rissian, L. C. (Producer). (2012, May 4). Twelve parsecs [Audio podcast]. 
    Retrieved from

Click on th link for more information on citing podcasts

Video Games [APA]

Video Games:

Bullfrog Productions Ltd. (1999). Dungeon keeper 2 [Video game]. Redwood City: Electronic Arts, Inc.

Author/Developer. (Year of first release). Title [Video game]. Place of publication: Publisher.

Click on the link for more information on citing video games

Microfilm [APA]


Sutherlin, R. N. (1879, June 5). Organize your stock associations [Editorial]. Rocky Mountain Husbandman, p. 2. In Work Progress Administration for the Livestock Industry 36 (1942) [Microfilm]. (Reel 1, Microfilm 250).

[author, by last name, initial.] [(publication date).] [article title, no quotation marks] [original publication title, “p.” page number.] [In collection title & volume] [(collection year) [medium].] [(specific microform information).]

Scroll down to "APA:". 

Social Media [APA]

Social Media:


Gates, B. [BillGates]. (2013, February 26). #Polio is 99% eradicated. Join me & @FCBarcelona as we work to finish the job and #EndPolio. VIDEO: [Tweet]. Retrieved from

Scroll down to "Tweet, Individual Author". 

YouTube Video:

Author, A. A. [Screen name]. (year, month day). Title of video
     [Video file]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx

Click on the link for more information on citing YouTube videos

Comment on Website or Online Article:

David, L. (2010, October 29). Re: E-ZPass is a life-saver (literally) [Blog comment]. Retrieved from

Mt2mt2. (2015, November 12). Re: A fast graph isomorphism algorithm [Blog comment]. Retrieved from

Click on the link for more information on citing blog comments. 

Click on the link for more information on citing material found on social media. 

Lecture Notes [APA]

Lecture Notes:

"Identify as lecture or performance in your paper. Do not list in your References." 

Scroll down to "Lectures and Live Performances."