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EES1100 Master of Environmental Science Research Guide

This guide will help Master of Environmental Students at UTSC access key resources for research, learn about publishing and scholarly communication, prepare for internship, and more.

Step 1: Describe your Topic


1. Take a moment to write down your research topic, include all aspects you want to research, be specific, and any research you have already done. Also, think about what interested you in this topic, and why this topic is important. 

2. Share this with the person next to you. 

3. Provide feedback to your peer. Ask them, what research have they done so far? Is their a particular aspect that interests you most? What about your topic do you want to learn about further? Provide any tips or avenues they also may want to consider.

Step 2: Brainstorm, Map, & Narrow Your Topic

Mind map your keywords and your research trajectory.

Using your background research and anything you may have found already map out your research scope(s). Use to create your mind map or pen/paper.

Go to and mind map your research ideas related to your topic. Copy the link to your mind map and post it here to share with peers and instructors.

Use your mind map to help you narrow down what specific aspect of your topic you will research.

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Step 3: Identify Search Strategy with Keywords

Step 1. Describe your Topic
How do wastewater plants manage the influx of environmental antibiotics?
Step 2: Identify keywords for your topic.
Main Concept 1 Concept 2          Concept 3       
wastewater environment antibiotics
Step 3: Find synonyms 
Main Concept 1 Concept 2          Concept 3       
wastewater environment antibiotics
waste water environmental pharmaceuticals
waste management ecosystem  
Step 4: Build a search 
Main Concept 1 Concept 2          Concept 3       

( wastewater OR "waste water" OR "waste management")  AND (environment* OR ecosystem) AND (antibiotics OR pharmaceuticals)