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Research Guides

APS112: Engineering Strategies & Practice 2017

Evaluating information

You should use sources that are appropriate for your design project.  There is a lot of information available out there, but not all information is equal.  Some resources will be better suited and more appropriate for you to use than others. 

You can evaluate the information you find using the "Research Worksheet" discussed in class.

Accurate Documentation/Avoiding Plagiariam

As part of your assignments and design project, you will have to document the resources you used. Please refer to the Document Style Requirements section of your APS112 course pack for details on how best to cite your sources.  Examples of how to cite (from your course pack) are available online from the IEEE web site

Citation Management Software

Citation management software allows you to easily select, annotate, organize, and output citations in approved-style reference lists.  It also allows you to easily format bibliographies and in-text citations. 

Examples of citation management software (free and fee-based) includes:  

  • RefWorks (licenced by U of T; sign up with your U of T email))

  • Endnote (fee-based; U of T Bookstore gives student discounts)

  • EndNote Web (available through Web of Knowledge - Click "My EndNote Web" to register for a free account)

  • WizFolio (licenced by U of T; sign up with your U of T email)

Citing using IEEE? Try RefWorks!


RefWorks is citation management software that allows you to select, annotate, and organize your citations. you can also use it to output approved-style reference lists and format bibliographies and in-text citations in documents.

That means that you can use the library catalogue or databases to find books and articles on your topics, and then add them to your RefWorks account. When you are writing your paper, you can use RefWorks to add the references into your paper, and then when you are done, you can use RefWorks to generate your bibliography in almost any citation style.

To create an RefWorks account and log in, go to the RefWorks login page.

At the login page, you will also find tutorials on how to use RefWorks.

Need more help with RefWorks?  Take a look at this RefWorks Help Guide.

Remember, RefWorks is a tool to help you with your citations and bibliography, but it doesn't always work perfectly. Double check your citations, and consult the style manual of the citation style you are using.