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A guide for advanced research projects and supervised studies for psychology and neuroscience students.

Get Help with APA: Visit the UTSC Writing Centre

Visit the UTSC Writing Centre if you have any questions or concerns about APA style.  Writing Centre instructors are available to support your academic writing, including answering questions about APA and other citation styles.

What is APA?

APA style in a nutshell:

  • rules for formatting your paper and citing your sources
  • outlined by the American Psychological Association
  • style of choice in the humanities and social sciences
  • currently using the 6th edition

See the resources below for help creating a paper in APA style.

APA style resources

Publication manual of the American Psychological Association 

  • official guide to APA style
  • library has many copies

APA formatting and style guide (Purdue University)

  • comprehensive explanation of APA style
  • includes sample papers and references

Standard documentation formats - APA (U of T Writing Centre)

  • introduction to APA style


  • web-based software
  • organizes your research
  • creates bibliographies in APA

Tutorial: Basics of APA style (APA)

  • free online tutorial
  • introduction to APA style (6th ed.) for beginners

Frequently asked questions about APA style (APA)

  • long list of "how do I cite XYZ source?" explanations

Sample citations

Journal article from a library database

Easterlin, R. A. (2002). Is reported happiness five years ago comparable to present happiness? A cautionary note. Journal of Happiness Studies, 3(2), 193-198. doi:10.1023/A:1019608227505


Howe, D. (2011). Attachment across the lifecourse : A brief introduction. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Chapter in an edited book

Lips, H., & Lawson, K. (2010). Women across cultures.  In K. D. Keith (Ed.), Cross-cultural psychology: Contemporary themes and perspectives (pp. 25-40).  Malden, MA : Wiley-Blackwell.

APA style blog

View recent posts by APA experts, or search the blog archives

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