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BIO207H5: Introductory Genetics

Journal of Experimental Biology style

In text references: 

  • References in the text should be cited using the Harvard (name, date) referencing system.

  • Each reference cited in the text (including those cited in supplementary information) must be listed in the Reference list and vice versa: please check these carefully.

    • For example:

One author – (Jones, 1995) or (Jones, 1995; Smith, 1996).

Two authors – (Jones and Kane, 1994) or (Jones and Kane, 1994; Smith, 1996).

More than two authors – (Jones et al., 1995) or (Jones et al., 1995a,b; Smith et al., 1994, 1995).

Website URLs: cite in the text but do not list in the Reference list; provide the URL and, if the website is frequently updated, the date that the site was accessed.

Reference List:

  • References are listed in alphabetical order according to surname and initials of first author.

    • For example:


Rivera, A. R. V., Wyneken, J. and Blob, R. W. (2011). Forelimb kinematics and motor patterns of swimming loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta): are motor patterns conserved in the evolution of new locomotor strategies? J. Exp. Biol. 214, 3314-3323.


Hochachka, P. W. and Somero, G. N. (2002). Biochemical Adaptation: Mechanism and Process in Physiological Evolution. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Book chapter

Feller, G. (2008). Enzyme function at low temperatures in psychrophiles. In Protein Adaptation in Extremophiles (ed. K. S. Siddiqui and T. Thomas), pp. 35-69. New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

  • If there are more than 10 authors, use 'et al.' after the 10th author.

  • Within a group of papers with the same first author, list single author papers first, then papers with two authors, then et al. papers. If more than one reference exists for each type, arrange in date order. Use a and b for papers published in the same year.