Primary sources are:
Secondary sources are:
|Official records:||cabinet papers||diplomatic dispatches|
|parliamentary debates||ambassador's reports|
works of art, photographs
receipts, leases, loans
Visit the "How to Find Primary Sources" page for more information.
Adapted from Memorial University Libraries
Q: What is a primary source?
A: A primary source is a document or record containing firsthand information or original data on a topic.
Q: How do I find primary sources?
Library Catalogue: Search Tips
Search by subject (here the search term is 'ptolemaic egypt') and refine by genre:
Genres such as 'papyri' and 'sources' identify primary sources.
Primary sources provide a window into the past—unfiltered access to the record of artistic, social, scientific and political thought and achievement during the specific period under study, produced by people who lived during that period.
Primary sources provide the opportunity to witness a piece of history up close, and to see it through the eyes of those who lived it.
First-hand accounts of an historic event allow you to form reasoned conclusions, base conclusions on evidence, and connect primary sources to the context in which they were created, synthesizing information from multiple sources.
Secondary sources complement primary sources: a secondary source can bring clarification and deeper understanding to a primary source.
A historian who has expertise in a specific time period can provide contextual information through a secondary source that allows a student to maximize his/her appreciation of the primary source's value.
Adapted from the Library of Congress, "Using Primary Sources"
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