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Foundations and Current Issues in IR/HR (IRE 2001)

This subject guide is meant to assist students, particularly those enrolled in IRE 2001, with research papers and assignments.

Selected Books - The Impact of Labour Unions

Scholarly, Newspaper, Magazine Articles & Reports


  See the Tumblr: work&labour news&research for the latest on Unions & Inequality.

                          work&labour news&research for the latest on Janus and Unions.


Pohler, D., & Riddell, C. (2018) Multinationals' compliance with employment law: An empirical assessment using administrative data from Ontario, 2004-2015. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.

Jerry A. Carbo, Steven J. Haase, M. Blake Hargrove, (2018), Democracy, Militancy, and Union Revitalization, The DeMReV Model of Union Renewal: A Sustainable, Strategic Model Expanding on Voss and Sherman Model, in David Lewin , Paul J. Gollan (ed.) Advances in Industrial and Labor Relations, 2017: Shifts in Workplace Voice, Justice, Negotiation and Conflict Resolution in Contemporary Workplaces (Advances in Industrial and Labor Relations, Volume 24) Emerald Publishing Limited, pp.113 - 154.

NBER Working Paper No. 24587, May 2018: "Unions and Inequality Over the Twentieth Century: New Evidence from Survey Data," by Henry S. Farber, Daniel Herbst, Ilyana Kuziemko, Suresh Naidu (95 pages, PDF)

Pohler, D., & Luchak, A. (2015). Are unions good or bad for organizations? the moderating role of management's response. British Journal of Industrial Relations53(3), 423-459.

Sojourner, A.J., Frandsen, B.R., Town, R.J. & Grabowski, D.C., Chen, M.M. (2015).  Impacts of unionization on quality and productivity: Regression discontinuity evidence from nursing homes. ILR Review, 68(4), 771 - 806.

Even, W.E. & MacPherson, D.A. (2014). What do unions do to pension performance? Economic Inquiry, 52(3), 1173 - 1189.

Pohler, D., & Luchak, A. (2014). Balancing efficiency, equity and voice: The impact of unions and high involvement work practices on work outcomes. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 67(4), 1063-1094.

Rios‐Avila, F., & Hirsch, B. T. (2014). Unions, wage gaps, and wage dispersion: New evidence from the Americas. Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, 53(1), 1-27.

Lee, D. S., & Mas, A. (2012). Long-run impacts of unions on firms: New evidence from financial markets, 1961–1999. The Quarterly Journal of Economics127(1), 333-378.

Craver, C.B. (2011).  "The impact of labor unions on worker rights and on other social movements. Available at SSRN.

Tzioumis, K. & Gomez, R. (2011). What do unions do to CEO compensation? London School of Economics Centre for Economic Performance Discussion Paper.

Walsworth, S. (2010). "What do unions do to innovation? An empirical examination of the Canadian private sector" (20 pages, PDF)

Long, R.j. & Shields, J.L. (2009).  Do unions affect pay methods of Canadian firms? A longitudinal study. Relations industrielles/Industrial Relations64(3), 442 - 465.

Kaufman, B. E. (2008). Paradigms in industrial relations: Original, modern and versions in-between. British Journal of Industrial Relations46(2), 314-339.

Martinello, F (2009). Faculty salaries in Ontario: compression, inversion, and the effects of alternative forms of representation. Industrial and Labor Relations Review63(1), 128-145.

Verma, A. (2005). What do unions do to the workplace? union effects on management and HRM policies. Journal of Labor Research26(3), 415-449.

Gunderson, M. (2005). Two faces of union voice in the public sector. Journal of Labor Research26(3), 393-413.

Card, D., Lemieux, T., & Riddell, W. (2004). Unions and wage inequality. Journal of Labor Research25(4), 519-559.

Hirsch, B. (2004). What do unions do for economic performance? Journal of Labor Research25(3), 415-455.

Hirsch, B. (2004). Reconsidering union wage effects: Surveying new evidence on an old topic. Journal of Labor Research25(2), 233-266.

Verma, A. & Fang, T. (2003). "Workplace innovation and union status: synergy or strife?" Proceedings of the 55th Annual Meeting, Industrial Relations Research Association, January 2-5. Washington, D.C., 189-198.

Cleveland, G., Gunderson, M. & Hyatt, D. (2003). Union effects in low-wage services: Evidence from Canadian childcare. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 56(2), 295 - 305.

World Bank, 2002: "Unions and collective bargaining - economic effects in a global environment" (188 pages, PDF)

Pantuosco, L., Parker, D., & Stone, G. (2001). The effect of unions on labor markets and economic growth: An analysis of state data. Journal of Labor Research22(1), 195-205.

Union Wage Premium

Gomez, R., & Lamb, D. (2019). Unions and Non-Standard Work: Union Representation and Wage Premiums across Non-Standard Work Arrangements in Canada, 1997–2014. ILR Review, 72(4), 1009–1035.

Campolieti, M. (2018). Matching and inverse propensity weighting estimates of the union wage premium: Evidence from Canada, 1997-2014. Industrial Relations, 57(1), 101-130.

Canadian Federation of Independent Business, March 2015: Wage Watch: A Comparison of Public-sector and Private-sector Salaries and Benefits (25 pages, PDF)

Palacios, M. & Clemens, C. (2013). Comparing public and private sector compensation in Canada. Fraser Institute. (49 pages, PDF)

Risher, H. (2012). How well are government employees paid? Compensation Management, 44(2), 73-79. (7 pages, PDF)

Wunnava, P. V. (2012). Recent longitudinal evidence of size and union threat effects across genders Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit/Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

Canadian Union of Public Employees. (2011). Battle of the wages: Who gets paid more, public or private sector workers? (33 pages, PDF)

Tiagi, R. (2010). Public sector wage premium in Canada: Evidence from labour force survey. Labour, 24(4), 456-473. (18 pages, PDF)

Gomez, R. & Wald, S. (2010). When public-sector salaries become public knowledge: Academic salaries and Ontario’s Public Sector Salary Disclosure Act. Canadian Public Administration, 53(1), 107-126. (20 pages, PDF)

National Union of Public and General Employees. (2009). An examination of the Public Sector Wage Premium in Canada: A critique of the 2008 study by the Canadian Federation of Independent Business (CFIB) called Wage Watch: A comparison of public and private sector wages. (13 pages, PDF).

Mallet, T. & Wong, Q. (2008). Wage watch: A comparison of public-sector and private-sector wages. Canadian Federation of Independent Buisness. (25 pages, PDF)

Verma, A., & Fang, T. (2002). Union wage premium. Perspectives on Labour and Income, 14(4), 17-23.

Hirsch, B., & Schumacher, E. (2001). Private sector union density and the wage premium: Past, present, and future. Journal of Labor Research, 22(3), 487-518.

Budd, J. W., & Na, I. (2000). The union membership wage premium for employees covered by collective bargaining agreements. Journal of Labor Economics, 18(4), 783.

Mueller, R. E. (2000). Public- and private-sector wage differentials in Canada revisited. Industrial Relations, 39(3), 375-400.

Renaud, Stéphane. 1997."Unions and Wages in Canada: A Review of the Literature.” Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Canadian Industrial Relations Association (CIRA): 211–25

Thompson, M. & Ponak, A. (1991). Canadian public sector industrial relations: Policy and practice. Advances in Industrial and Labour Relations, 5, 59-93. (available at the CIRHR library upon request)

Wood, W.D. & Kumar, P. (1976). Canadian Perspectives on Wage-Price Guidelines: A Book of Readings.