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Foundations and Current Issues in IR/HR (IRE 2001)

This subject guide is meant to assist students, particularly those enrolled in IRE 2001, with research papers and assignments.

Books - Right-to-Work

Scholarly, Newspaper, Magazine Articles & Reports

      See the Tumblrwork&labour news&research for the latest on Right to Work

Fisk, C. & Sachs, B. (2014) "Restoring Equity in Right to Work Law". Social Science Research Network paper.

Congressional Research Service, January 6, 2014 “Right to Work Laws: Legislative Background and Empirical Research,” by Benjamin Collins, Analyst in Labor Policy (18 pages, PDF)

Social Science Research Network, November 4, 2013: "Unintended Consequences: The Legal Incoherence of a Piecemeal Attack on Majoritarianism and Exclusivity," by Brian A. Langille and Josh Mandryk

Langille, B. & Mandryk, J. (2013). Majority, Exclusivity and the "Right to Work": The Legal Incoherence of Ontario Bill 64. Canadian Labour & Employment Law Journal. 17(2)

Law of Work; Some Implications of a "Canadian" Right to Work Law

Huffington Post, April 9, 2013: “Bill 85, Saskatchewan Employment Act, Erodes Union Power, Sets New Tone For Labour Relations In Canada”

The Globe and Mail, December 12, 2013: "Will ‘right-to-work’ Michigan puncture Ontario’s factories?," by Greg Keenan

The Globe and Mail, December 12, 2013: Infograph: "Where the right-to-work laws prevail"

Economic Policy Institute, December 2012: Links to EPI Research on Right to Work

NUPGE, 2012: Right to Work Laws

National Right to Work, Legal Defence Foundation, Inc.: Major fund that supports right-to-work laws

The American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO): "Right-to-Work" for less (oppose right-to-work law)

The Fraser Institute, September 2013: "The Implications of US Worker Choice Laws for British Columbia and Ontario," by Benjamin Zycher, Jason Clemens, and Niels Veldhuis

Parkes, D. (2010). The Rand Formula Revisited: Union Security in the Charter Era. Manitoba Law Journal, 34(1-2).

Kaplan, W. (2010). "How Justice Rand Devised His Famous Formula" in Fudge, J. & Tucker, E. Work on Trial: Canadian Labour Law Struggles. Toronto : Irwin Law. p. 77-109.

Weiler, P. (1980). "Union Security and the Right to Work" in his Reconcilable Differences. Toronto : Carswell. p. 140-150


In June 2012, Ontario PC leader Tim Hudak published a "white paper" outlining the changes his party would like to make to the province's labour laws. Hudak and the Tories say employees in unionized workplaces should be allowed to receive the benefits of union representation without paying the dues that make those benefits possible. While this proposal would violate current Ontario law and an historic legal ruling by Supreme Court Justice Ivan Rand, such "free rider" laws are used to suppress union activity in 24 U.S. states, where they are commonly referred to as "right to work" laws.

In June 2013, veteran journalist Bill Gillespie climbed in a van with a camera crew and headed south to get the real story about "right to work." His documentary film, Made in the USA: Tim Hudak's plan to cut your wages, is the result.