Skip to main content

Foundations and Current Issues in IR/HR (IRE 2001)

This subject guide is meant to assist students, particularly those enrolled in IRE 2001, with research papers and assignments.

Books - Precarious Work

Selected Books - Precarious Work

Loading ...

Scholarly, Newspaper, Magazine Articles & Reports

        See the Tumblrwork&labour news&research for the latest on Precarious Work


McMaster University and PEPSO, September 2018: The Generation Effect Millennials,employment precarity and the 21st century workplace (103 pages, PDF)

All Poverty and Employment Precarity in Southern Ontario (PEPSO) publications are available here

McKinsey Global Institute, October, 2016: “Independent work: Choice, necessity, and the gig economy,” by James Manyika, Susan Lund, Jacques Bughin, Kelsey Robinson, Jan Mischke, and Deepa Mahajan (Full report: 148 pages, PDF)

Closing the Employment Standards Enforcement Gap: Improving Employment Standards Protections for People in Precarious Jobs is a collaborative research initiative of seven Ontario universities and 16 cross-sectoral partner organizations. Funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC), the five-year project seeks to inform effective employment standards enforcement in Ontario.

Ryerson University, October 2016: ““Working so hard and still so poor!” A Public Health Crisis in the Making: The Health Impacts of Precarious Work on Racialized Refugee and Immigrant Women”, by Winnie Ng, Aparna Sundar, Jennifer Poole, Bhutila Karpoche,Idil Abdillahi, Sedef Arat-Koc, Akua Benjamin, Grace-Edward Galabuzi. (52 pages, PDF)

International Labour Office, “Non-standard forms of employment” (Geneva, Switzerland: International Labour Organization, 2015).
Comparative Labor Law and Policy Journal, V. 34, No. 1 (Fall 2012) -- This issue contains the following articles:

"The Legal Determinants of Precariousness in Personal Work Relations: A European Perspective", by Nicola Kountouris

"A Quid Pro Quo in Temporary Agency Work: Abolishing Restrictions and Establishing Equal Treatment - Lessons to Be Learned from European and German Labor Law", by Bernd Waas

"The Principle of Proportionality in Labor Law and Its Impact on Precarious Workers", by Guy Davidov

"The Human Right to Livelihood: Recognizing the Right to Be Human", by Kamala Sankaran

"Precarious Migrant Status and Precarious Employment: The Paradox of International Rights for Migrant Workers", by Judy Fudge

"Human Rights for Precarious Workers: The Legislative Precariousness of Domestic Labor", by Virginia Mantouvalou

"New Frontiers of Regulation: Domestic Work, Working Conditions, and the Holistic Assessment of Nonstandard Work Norms", by Deirdre McCann

"Human Rights and the Multiple Dimensions of Precarious Work", by Einat Albin

"Human Rights and Labor Rights: Why Don't the Two Tracks Meet", by Guy Mundlak

Toronto’s Workers’ Action Centre, March 2015:"Still Living on the Edge: Building Decent Jobs from the Ground Up," addresses cultural, legal, and social issues facing Ontario’s workers. (84 pages, PDF)

Occupational & Environmental Medicine, November 2014: “Chronic effects of shift work on cognition: findings from the VISAT longitudinal study,” by Jean-Claude Marquié, Philip Tucker, Simon Folkard, Catherine Gentil, and David Ansiau

The Globe and Mail, October 7, 2014: “As jobs become more precarious, Canadians ought to be worried about the middle class” [video, 8:17 min.]

Hatton, E. (2014). Temporary weapons: Employers' use of temps against organized labor. ILR Review, 67(1), 86-110. Link to ILR Review., June 3, 2014: “Organizing precarious workers: Unifor’s community approach,” by H.G. Watson, May 30, 2014: “Organizing precarious workers: Unions think sector-wide to help freelancers,” by H.G. Watson, May 28, 2014: “Organizing precarious workers: Workers’ centres open their doors,” by H.G. Watson, May 27, 2014: “Organizing precarious workers: Looking for a new model,” by H.G. Watson

MetCalf Foundation, April 2014: “Profiting from the Precarious: How recruitment practices exploit migrant workers,” by Fay Faraday -- Read the full report here (98 pages, PDF), and a summary of the report here (57 pages, PDF).

Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, March 2014: “Seismic Shift: Ontario’s Changing Labour Market,” by Kaylie Tiessen (32 pages, PDF)

Vosko, L. F. (2013). Rights without remedies: Enforcing employment standards in Ontario by maximizing voice among workers in precarious jobs. Osgoode Hall Law Journal, 50(4), 845-873.

International Confederation of Private Employment Agencies [website]

International Confederation of Private Employment Agencies, March 2013: "The Agency Work Industry Around the World" 2013 Report

McMaster University, PEPSO and The United Way, February 23, 2013: Its more than poverty: employment precarity and household well being (120 pages, PDF)

Conference Board of Canada, 2013: Managing the Total Workforce: Bringing Contingent Labor Inside the Strategic Workforce Planning Tent (36 pages, PDF)

Fudge, J. (2012). Precarious Migrant Status and Precarious Employment: The Paradox of International Rights for Migrant Workers. Comparative Labor Law & Policy Journal. 34, 95-131.

Metcalf Foundation, September 2012:  “Made in Canada: How the Law Constructs Migrant Workers’ Insecurity,” by Fay Farady (120 pages, PDF)

IRPP Study, October 23, 2012: "The Impact of Precarious Legal Status on Immigrants’ Economic Outcomes," by Luin Goldring and Patricia Landolt

Law Commission of Ontario, April 3, 2013: Vulnerable Workers and Precarious Work: Final Report, December 2012 (HTML)

Law Commission of Ontario, December 2012: Vulnerable Workers and Precarious Work: Final Report (175 pages, PDF)

Law Commission of Ontario, August 2012: Vulnerable Workers and Precarious Work: Interim Report (175 pages, PDF)

Weil, David. (2010). Improving Workplace Conditions Through Strategic Enforcement. Boston University School of Management Research Paper, Paper No. 2010-20.

Kalleberg, A. L. (2009). Precarious work, insecure workers: Employment relations in transition. American Sociological Review, 74(1), 1-22.

Chaykowski, R. P., & Slotsve, G. A. (2008). The extent of economic vulnerability in the Canadian labour market and federal jurisdiction: Is there a role for labour standards? Social Indicators Research, 88(1), 75-96.

Gomez, R., Gunderson M., (2005). Non-Standard and Vulnerable Workers: A Case of Mistaken Identity? Canadian Labour and Employment Law Journal, 12, 177-203.

Other Resources

precarious workPossible search terms:

-precarious work

-precarious employment

-vulnerable workers

-part-time work


-fixed-term work

-temporary work

-non-standard employment

-contingent work

Databases for searching:

Summons     ProQuest     Google Scholar (articles available through the UofT catalogue)