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Public Sector Labour Management Issues (IRE 1625)

This subject guide is meant to assist students, particularly those enrolled in IRE1625, with research papers and assignments.

Public Sector Wage Control - Selected Resources

Rose, J.B. (2016). Budgetary Restraints and Compulsory Arbitration in Ontario. Dispute Resolution Journal, 71(4), 91-109.

Thomas, M. P., & Tufts, S. (2016). Austerity, right populism, and the crisis of labour in canada. Antipode, 48(1), 212-230.

Campolieti, M., Hebdon, R., & Dachis, B. (2016). Collective bargaining in the Canadian public sector, 1978–2008: The consequences of restraint and structural change. British Journal of Industrial Relations, 54(1), 192-213.

Rose, J. B. (2015). Legal Challenges to Interest Arbitration: Evidence From Canada. Labor Law Journal, 66(3), 177-186.

CANLII Connects March 31, 2015: Government rollback of RCMP wage increases following 2008 financial crisis did not violate collective bargaining rights under Charter, Supreme Court rules Meredith v. Canada (Attorney General), 2015 SCC 2 (CanLII)

Evans, Bryan. (2011). The Politics of Public Sector Wages: Ontario’s Social Dialogue for Austerity. Socialist Studies: Journal of the Society for Socialist Studies, Double Issue: Organizing for Austerity (published 2011-07-23)

Thompson, M., & Jalette, P. (2009). Public-sector collective bargaining. In M. Gunderson & D. Taras (Eds.), Canadian Labour and Employment Relations (6 ed., pp. 403-429). Toronto: Pearson Addison-Wesley.
Section: "Public-sector wage controls", p. 424-425.

Swimmer, G., & Bartkiw, T. (2008). Provincial policies concerning collective bargaining. In C. Dunn (Ed.), Provinces: Canadian Provincial Politics (2 ed., pp. 507-535). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Includes table "Compensation restraint measures for provincial public sector employees", p. 156-158.

Fudge, D. (2006). Collective bargaining in Canada: Human right or Canadian illusion?. Black Point, NS: Fernwood Pub.
Appendix II: legislation restricting collective bargaining and trade union rights in Canada, 1982-2006. Part A: back-to-work, wage restraint and suspension of collective bargaining. Part B: restrictions on organizing, collective bargaining and union internal affairs.

Reshef, Y., & Rastin, S. (2003). Unions in the time of revolution: Government restructuring in Alberta and Ontario. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Panitch, L., & Swartz, D. (2003). Chapter 3: Permanent exceptionalism: The turn to coercion in the 1970s. From Consent to Coercion: The Assault on Trade Union Freedoms. 25-47. Appendix III: legislation amending trade union rights: 1982-200.

Swimmer, G. (2001). Public-sector labour relations in an era of restraint and restructuring. Don Mills, Ont: Oxford University Press.
Includes table "Compensation Restraint Measues for Provincial and Federal Civil Service Employees", p. 20-24.

Swimmer, G., Thompson, M., & Queen's University (Kingston, Ont.). (1995). Public sector collective bargaining in Canada: Beginning of the end or end of the beginning?. Kingston, Ont: IRC Press, Industrial Relations Centre, Queen's University.

Panitch, L., & Swartz, D. (1993). The assault on trade union freedoms: From wage controls to social contract. Toronto, Ont: Garamond Press.  Appendix II: legislation amending Trade Union Rights 1982-1993, includes list of public sector compensation restraint legislation.

Enman, S. (1992). Ruminations on public sector wage restraints and back to work legislation. The Industrial Relations System: Future Trends and Developments (CIRA proceedings), 2, 681-691. (ask library staff for hard copy)

Thompson, M., & Ponak, A. (1991). Canadian public sector industrial relations: policy and practice. In D. Sockell, D. Lewin & D. Lipsky (Eds.), Advances in industrial and labor relations (Vol. 5, pp. 59-93). Greenwich, Conn.: Jai Press.
Includes table "Public Sector Compensation Control Programs" with comments, p. 80-81.

Weiler, P. (1980). Collective bargaining under wage controls. In P. Weiler (Ed.), Reconcilable differences: New directions in Canadian labour law (pp. 249-286). Toronto: Carswell.

Conklin, D. W., Courchene, T. J., Jones, W. A., & Ontario Economic Council. (1985). Public sector compensation. Toronto: Ontario Economic Council.

Auld, D.A.L. & Wilton, D.A. (1987). The Impact of Public Sector Wage Controls in Ontario. Relations industrielles / Industrial Relations,  42(1), 132-149

Auld, D. A. L., Wilton, D. A., & Ontario Economic Council. (1985). Public sector wage inflation and the Ontario controls program. Toronto: Ontario Economic Council.

Dungan, P. & Wilson, T. (1985). Impact of public sector wage controls on budget deficits and inflation. Public Sector Compensation, Ontario Economic Council Special Research Report.

Carter, D. D., Kumar, P., & Canadian Industrial Relations Association. (1984). Recent public sector restraint programs: Two views : two papers presented to the Canadian Industrial Relations Association's 21st Annual Conference held at the University of Guelph, May 30, 1984. Kingston, Ont.: Industrial Relations Centre, Queen's University at Kingston.

Wood, W.D. & Kumar, P. (1982). Control and wage restraint initiatives. The Current Industrial Relations Scene in Canada.

Downie, B.M. (Ed.) (1980), Canadian Industrial Relations Association's 21st Annual Conference held at the University of Guelph, May 30, 1984. [Request from CIRHR staff]


  • Carter, D.D. Collective bargaining and income restraint programs: the legal issues.
  • Kumar, P. Recent public sector wage restraint programs: the economic and labour market rationale?
  • Spector, N. Public sector collective bargaining and government expenditure restraint policies [B.C.]
  • Peck, E.R. Collective bargaining and restraint programs: the B.C. model.

Maslove, A. M., Swimmer, G. R., & Institut de recherches politiques. (1980). Wage controls in Canada, 1975-78: A study of public decision making. Montreal: Institute for Research on Public Policy.

Weiler, P. (1980). Chapter 8: Collective bargaining under wage controls. Reconcilable Differences: New Directions in Canadian Labour Law.

Wood, W.D. & Kumar, P. (1976). Canadian Perspectives on Wage-Price Guidelines: A Book of Readings.

Downie, B. M. (1976). Wage-price controls and collective bargaining. Kingston, Ont: Queen's University, Industrial Relations Centre.

Recent Public Sector Wage Restraint Legislation

Lancaster House Bargaining in the Broader Public Sector Conference 2014. Panel 3: Public Sector Bargaining: The Implications of Government Involvement (request from CIRHR Library staff)

Canadian Labour Board Law Conference 2014, Lancaster House. Panel 1: Collective Bargaining in Survival Mode: the Impact of Government Restrictions on the Right to Strike (Restrictions on collective bargaining through wage restraint legislation; other legislated limits on collective bargaining; the right to strike) (document in CIRHR Library. Request from library staff)

Alberta Court Freezes Union Legislation ("PSSRA" - Bill 46) from Work&LabourNews&Research Tumblr (CIRHR Library) February 2014

Public Service Salary Restraint Act ("PSSRA" - Bill 46) 2013 (Alberta)

Comprehensive Public Sector Compensation Freeze Act (Bill 5) 2013 (Ontario)

Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives on Public Sector Wages

Public Sector Compensation Freeze Act (Bill 92) 2012 (Ontario)

Collective Bargaining in Canada 2012 (overview) (Human Resources and Skills Development Canada)

Budget Implementation Act (Bill-C10) 2009 (Federal) See part of this Bill: Expenditure Restraint Act (An Act to restrain the Government of Canada’s expenditures in relation to employment)

An Act Respecting the Conditions of Employment in the Public Sector (Bill 142) 2005 (Quebec)


Canadian Foundation for Labour Rights

Ontario Public Service Employees Union on The Wage Freeze

Restrictive Labour Laws Directory (by Canadian Foundation for Labour Rights)