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Research Guides

Journal Research for Graduate Students in the Humanities and Social Sciences

What does cited-by mean?

'Cited by' information allows you to find other works that cite a document you've accessed. 

It's an excellent tool for expanding your research. Generally, an article's research impact is measured by how often it's cited.

This section provides users with tips on accessing cited by information.

You can also use the same tools and methods to find out who is citing your own publications. 

[Information on this page adapted from Political Science: Key Resources.]

Highly Cited Articles

How to find out who has cited a source

Below you'll find some tips on finding citation information for some of the major interdisciplinary databases. All are listed under Popular databases on the library home page. 


Web of Science (via Web of Knowledge)

  • After searching for a topic, sort results by citation instead of publication date to find out which are most heavily cited.
  • Alternatively, you can select the 'cited reference search' option at the top of the search screen to find out who has cited a given publication:

Shows the Cited Reference Search option in the drop-down menu of the Web of Science search screen.


Google Scholar

  • 'Cited by' information appears directly below the resource link, and includes journal articles, books, and papers.



  • After searching for a topic, sort your results by 'Cited by (highest)'.

Scopus search results screen highlighting how to sort by highly cited.



For more information on metrics, or how to evaluate the impact factor of a journal, see the following guide on Research Impact (includes information on h-index and altmetrics).