In an academic paper, you must demonstrate your own way of thinking while showing familiarity with your field of study. It is your responsibility to document every source used in your paper. Information and research used from books, articles, and websites must be cited. Even if you simply paraphrase or summarize an author’s ideas, you must cite your sources in order to avoid plagiarism.
From the Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters:
It shall be an offence for a student knowingly:
(d) to represent as one's own any idea or expression of an idea or work of another in any academic examination or term test or in connection with any other form of academic work, i.e. to commit plagiarism.
Here is more information on proper citations, from the University of Toronto's Writing Centre.
You may also want to refer to the following style guides (click on the book cover to view the library catalogue record):
MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th ed. (2009) The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed. (2010)
Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. (2010)
APA Style Guide to Electronic Resources available online
University of Toronto Libraries
130 St. George St.,Toronto, ON, M5S 1A5
About web accessibility. Tell us about a web accessibility problem.
About online privacy and data collection.
© University of Toronto. All rights reserved. Terms and conditions.